...

Dimensions

by taratuta

on
Category: Documents
2

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

Dimensions
12. Go to the Detail boundary tab and define the shape of the boundary and the color and
type of the bounding line.
Use the advanced option XS_DETAIL_BOUNDARY_RADIUS for setting a fixed size
for the detail boundary.
13. On to the Detail mark tab, click the ... button next to A1 - A5 to open the Mark
Contents dialog box and select the elements to be included in the detail mark.
14. Modify the element appearance and mark position as described above.
15. Click Modify.
16. Select the detail mark Symbol to be used in the mark. You can also change the color and
size of the symbol.
17. Click modify in the Detail Symbol Properties dialog box.
See also
View, section view and detail view label mark elements on page 567
Section and detail mark elements on page 567
4.4 Dimensions
In addition to the automatically created dimensions defined in the drawing properties of the
created drawings, Tekla Structures contains several tools for modifying the automatically
created dimensions and for adding new dimensions in the final drawing.
See also Example: Manual dimensions on page 143
Adding manual dimensions using User Coordinate System on page 148
Adding tags to dimensions on page 150
Example: Filtering out dimension tag content on page 151
Adding dual dimensions manually on page 153
Recreating dimensions for all parts on page 154
Adding manual dimensions on page 142
Adding manual dimensions to general arrangement drawings on page 148
Adding predefined reinforcement dimensions on page 155
Adding dimension (distribution) lines to reinforcing bars on page 156
Dimensioning reinforcing bar groups on page 158
Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Automatic dimension settings on page 381
Creating exaggerated dimensions on page 439
Dimensioning center of gravity on page 162
Editing drawings
141
Dimensions
Dimension mark and dimension tag properties on page 538
Dimension and dimensioning properties on page 533
Adding manual dimensions
To add dimensions:
1. Hold down Shift, click Dimensioning and select one of the dimensioning commands
depending on the type of dimension you want to create:
•
Add Horizontal Dimension: Create a dimension in the x direction by picking the
points to be dimensioned. X depends on the current UCS.
•
Add Vertical Dimension: Create a dimension in the y direction by picking the points
to be dimensioned. Y depends on the current UCS.
•
Add Orthogonal Dimension: Create a dimension in either the x or y direction by
picking the points to be dimensioned. Tekla Structures uses the direction of the larger
overall distance. X and y depend on the current UCS.
•
Add Parallel Dimension: Create a dimension parallel to a line you define. First pick
two points to define the direction of the dimension line and then pick the points to
be dimensioned.
•
Add Perpendicular Dimension: Create a dimension perpendicular to a line you
define. First pick two points to set the direction of the dimension line, then pick the
points to be dimensioned.
•
Add Free Dimension: Create a dimension parallel to a line between any two points
you pick.
•
Add Curved Dimension With Orthogonal Reference Lines: Create curved dimension
with orthogonal reference lines: Pick three points to define the arc and pick the
points to be dimensioned. The dimension text on the line can be either a distance or
an angle value.
•
Add Curved Dimension With Radial Reference Lines: Create curved dimension with
radial reference lines. Pick three points to define the arc and pick the points to be
dimensioned. The dimension text on the line can be either a distance or an angle
value.
•
Add Radial Dimension: Create radial dimension. Pick three points to define the arc
and pick a position for the dimension.
•
Add Angular Dimension: Create angular dimension. Pick the vertex point and two
points to define the angle. Pick the side to place the dimension.
2. Modify the dimension properties in the properties dialog box.
3. Add the desired elements in dimension marks and modify their properties.
4. Add dimension tags with the desired elements as required and set the dimension tag
rotation.
Editing drawings
142
Dimensions
Here you can also select to include part count to dimension tags and select a filter that
removes the desired default content from the tag.
The available dimension mark and dimension tag mark elements are the same as those
for the part, bolt, reinforcement and surface treatment marks.
5. Click OK or Apply.
6. Add the dimensions by following the instructions on the status bar.
7. Drag the dimensions to the desired locations.
When you drag the dimensions, the Placing setting changes to fixed by default.
•
It is very important to use correct snap switches to get the dimensions
correct. You can change the switch temporarily by right-clicking and selecting
the switch that suits the best for your purpose.
•
In dimension types where you click the middle mouse button to place the
dimension line, the placement setting affects the result. If you have set
Placing to fixed, the position you click will be the location of the dimension
line. If you have set Placing to free, the middle mouse button click defines
which side of the object the dimension line is located on, and Tekla Structures
places the dimension line.
•
You can also pick outside the view when you place the dimensions. The view
frame is resized automatically.
See also Object protection and placement settings in drawings on page 343
XS_CHANGE_DRAGGED_DIMENSIONS_TO_FIXED
Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Dimension and dimensioning properties on page 533
Changing the prefix in radial dimensions on page 441
Adding tags to dimensions on page 150
Mark elements on page 560
Editing drawings
143
Dimensions
Example: Manual dimensions
Here are some examples of manual dimensions.
Command
Example
Add Parallel Dimension
Shows the edge points picked for
defining the direction for the parallel
dimension line.
Shows the dimension points picked.
Same part as before, now dimensioned with
Add Perpendicular Dimension
Shows the edge points picked for
defining the direction for the perpendicular
dimension line.
Shows the dimension points picked.
Editing drawings
144
Dimensions
Command
Example
Add Curved Dimension --> With
Orthogonal Reference Lines
The dimension text on the line is a distance
value.
If the ends of a curved beam or polybeam
have been cut or fitted, the points at the
ends of the beam do not necessarily lie on
the true curve of the beam. This is because
curved beams are created with straight
segments. The points are indicated with
To avoid creating incorrect curved
dimensions, pick the three points defining
the arc using three of the points indicated
with
Use end point snap.
Editing drawings
145
Dimensions
Command
Example
Add Curved Dimension --> With Radial
Reference Lines
Curved set to Distance.
The dimension text on the line is a distance
value.
Add Curved Dimension --> With Radial
Reference Lines
Curved set to Angle.
The dimension text on the line is an angle
value.
Editing drawings
146
Dimensions
Command
Example
Add Angular Dimension
Angle set to Degrees at angle vertex
Add Angular Dimension
Angle set to Degrees on side
Add Angular Dimension
Angle set to Triangle.
Triangle base length set to 100
Add Radial Dimension
See also Dimensions on page 141
Adding manual dimensions on page 142
Editing drawings
147
Dimensions
Adding manual dimensions to general arrangement drawings
You can dimension parts to grids along their X, Y, or X and Y axis and along grid lines in
general arrangement drawing plan views.
Limitations: Parts like beams that are not located along the grids are not dimensioned.
To add part dimensions in an open general arrangement drawing plan view:
1. Open the general arrangement drawing.
2. To check and change the dimension properties, click Dimensioning --> Dimension
Properties , make the necessary changes and click Apply or OK.
3. To dimension, click Dimensioning --> Add GA Drawing Dimensions and do one of the
following:
•
To dimension along grid lines, select Along Grid Lines and pick the view in the
location where you want to create the dimensions.
•
To dimension along part X or Y axis or both, select the part, and select Along Part X
Axis, Along Part Y Axis or Along Part X and Y Axis. The parts are dimensionded to
the two nearest grids.
Tekla Structures creates the dimensions according to the dimension properties you
defined in the Dimension Properties dialog box.
See also Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Adding manual dimensions using User Coordinate System
You can pick UCS (user coordinate system) points to define the current coordinate system in
the drawing view. If you do this, the dimensioning commands Add Horizontal Dimension,
Add Vertical Dimension and Add Orthogonal Dimension follow the defined coordinate
system.
To create dimensions in the horizontal direction using UCS:
1. Open a drawing.
2. Right-click the desired view, select Tools --> User Coordinate System (UCS) --> Set by
Two Points .
3. Pick the UCS origin and the UCS X direction.
Editing drawings
148
Dimensions
4. Click Dimensioning --> Add Horizontal Dimension .
5. Pick the start and end point for the dimension.
6. Point to the location where you want to add the dimension line and click the middle
mouse button.
When you use the Add Orthogonal Dimension command, it automatically finds out
whether the dimension line is in the X or Y direction depending on which one is the
closest.
See also User coordinate system (UCS) on page 266
Adding manual dimensions on page 142
Editing drawings
149
Dimensions
Adding tags to dimensions
You can add dimension tags to dimensions in an open drawing. You can add dimension tags
to single and combined dimensions.
Limitations:
•
Rotation is not available for the middle dimension tags.
•
The dimension tags are automatically updated according to model changes, when you
update the drawing. If you want to disable the automatic update, you can freeze the
drawing or set the advanced option XS_INTELLIGENT_DRAWING_ALLOWED to
FALSE. This advanced option affects all drawings.
To add dimension tags to a dimension:
1. Double-click the dimension.
2. Go to the Tags tab and select the locations where you want to add dimension tags.
You can add dimension tags above and below the dimension line to the left and right end
of the line, to the dimension line ends, and in the middle of the dimension line below the
line.
3. Click the ... buttons to go to the Tag Mark Properties dialog box.
You can also enter text directly in the A - G boxes.
4. Select the tag rotation. Each tag has an independent rotation setting, so you can rotate
some tags and leave others unrotated.
•
Parallel to dimension line does not rotate the tag. This is the default value.
•
Perpendicular to dimension line rotates the tag.
5. Include the elements that you want in the dimension tag.
The available elements are the same as those of the part, bolt, reinforcement and surface
treatment marks.
6. Select the element frame type and color and the text color, font, and height.
7. Click OK.
8. If you want to show the part count in the tag, set Include part count in the tag to Yes.
Editing drawings
150
Dimensions
9. Use Exclude parts according to filter and select a predefined filter to remove some of
the automatically created tag content.
In addition to the user-selectable elements, some of the dimension tag content is
automatically created based on the dimension end point locations. If you want to exclude
unnecessary tag content for parts that are located in the same location as the
dimensioning point, create suitable drawing view filter.
10. Click Modify.
Limitations
Below is an example of dimension tags.
Below is an example of an unrotated and a rotated dimension tag.
See also Part mark elements on page 561
Bolt mark elements on page 562
Reinforcement and neighbor reinforcement mark elements on page 564
Surface treatment mark elements on page 566
Using superscript in text on page 188
Dimensions on page 141
Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Dimension and dimensioning properties on page 533
Example: Filtering out dimension tag content on page 151
Editing drawings
151
Dimensions
Example: Filtering out dimension tag content
In this example, you will remove from a dimension tag some content that is added in the tag
automatically based on the dimension end point locations. First you will create a drawing
view filter that you will use for removing the content.
The example below shows a tag that automatically contains the text "CORBEL". You will
remove this text.
To create the filter and remove the desired content:
1. Open a drawing.
2. Double-click the view frame to open the View Properties dialog box.
3. Double-click Filter... to open the View Filter Properties dialog box.
4. Click Add row and create a filter according to the example below.
Editing drawings
152
Dimensions
5. Enter concrete as the name of the filter in the box next to the Save as button and
click the button to save the filter.
6. Click Cancel to close the dialog box.
7. In the drawing, double-click the dimension that contains the content that you want to
remove.
The Dimension Properties dialog box is displayed.
8. Go to the Tags page.
9. In Exclude parts according to filter, select the concrete filter.
10. Click Modify.
Tekla Structures removes the text "CORBEL" from the dimension tag. The material type of
corbel is concrete, and the concrete filter removes all concrete parts from the tag.
See also Adding tags to dimensions on page 150
Adding dual dimensions manually
You can add dual dimensions manually in an existing drawing.
To add dual dimensions manually:
1. Go to Tools --> Options --> Options... --> Drawing dimensions --> Dimensions in
tags , set the unit, formats and precision, and activate the dual dimensions for the
drawing types you want.
2. Click OK.
3. Double-click a dimension in your drawing.
4. Go to the Tags tab, and enter the text DIMENSION in the middle dimension tag.
Editing drawings
153
Dimensions
5. Click Modify.
6. If you do not want to show dual dimensions in all dimensions, you can manually delete
the text DIMENSION from the tag.
Example Below is an example of dual dimensions that use the unit mm and format ###.
See also Adding manual dimensions on page 142
Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Dimension and dimensioning properties on page 533
Recreating dimensions for all parts
You can recreate the same dimensions that were originally created for the parts in the
drawing.
To recreate dimensions for all parts:
1. Open the drawing.
2. Check that you have set Dimension creation method in this view to Automatically in
the view properties.
Tekla Structures dimensions parts only in views where this setting is set to
Automatically.
Editing drawings
154
Dimensions
3. Click Dimensioning --> Recreate Dimensions for All Parts .
Tekla Structures re-dimensions all views except linked, 3D and key plan views, and
removes all manually created dimensions.
See also Adding manual dimensions on page 142
View properties in drawings on page 529
Adding predefined reinforcement dimensions
You can add dimensions to reinforcing bar groups in an open cast unit drawing.
Each reinforcing bar group with identical spacing has a mark and dimension line. You can
define the contents of the dimension marks and tagged dimension marks case by case or use
predefined dimension property files.
To add reinforcement dimensions using predefined dimension property files:
1. Click Dimensioning --> Dimension Properties .
2. Modify the dimension properties:
•
For dimension marks, adjust the type, format, and appearance of the dimension and
the contents of the dimension mark.
•
If you want to have dimension tags in your dimension, select where to add dimension
tags and adjust the contents of the tags on the Tags tab.
3. Save the modified dimension properties by entering a name in the Save as box and
clicking Save as.
Save separate files for dimension marks and tagged dimension marks.
4. Click Tools --> Options --> Options... and go to the Drawing dimensions page.
5. Under Add mark to reinforcement, select the property files you just saved in the
Dimension Mark settings and Tagged Dimension Mark settings lists.
6. Click OK in the Options dialog box.
7. Go back to the drawing, right-click the reinforcing bar group and select Add Mark -->
Dimension Mark or Tagged Dimension Mark from the pop-up menu.
Example Below is an example of a reinforcement dimension with dimension marks.
Editing drawings
155
Dimensions
Below is an example of a reinforcement dimension that contains dimension marks and a
dimension tag.
See also Dimensions on page 141
Adding manual dimensions on page 142
Dimension and dimensioning properties on page 533
Reinforcement and neighbor reinforcement mark elements on page 564
Adding dimension (distribution) lines to reinforcing bars
You can add dimension lines, or distribution lines, to reinforcing bar groups. They show the
distribution of the reinforcing bars in the group.
To create a dimension line:
1. Open a cast unit drawing.
Editing drawings
156
Dimensions
2. Right-click a reinforcing bar group and select Create dimension line from the pop-up
menu. Tekla Structures creates the dimension line.
3. If needed, double-click the dimension line to display the Dimension Properties dialog
box.
Modify the properties as required. Click Modify to apply the changes.
4. If needed, you can drag a reinforcement dimension line out of the reinforcement bar
group.
When you do this, Tekla Structures draws a dashed line from the reinforcing bar to the
dimension line. If the new location is in the reinforcement area, the reinforcing bar mark
follows the intersection of the reinforcement bar and reinforcement dimension line.
Example Below is an example of the dimension line.
Below is an example of the dimension line when it has been dragged outside the reinforcing
bar group.
Editing drawings
157
Dimensions
See also Dimensions on page 141
Adding manual dimensions on page 142
Dimension and dimensioning properties on page 533
Dimensioning reinforcing bar groups
You can add dimensions to reinforcing bar groups using the RebarGroupDimensionPlugin
application.
Before you start using this feature, add the RebarGroupDimensionPlugin command to a
toolbar through Tools --> Customize . Always add commands to the User menu and to
toolbars in the modeling mode, otherwise they are not saved.
To add dimensions to reinforcing bar groups:
1. Select the reinforcing bar groups.
2. Press down Shift and click the Create RebarGroupDimensionPlugin command that you
added on a toolbar.
If you do not want to adjust any properties, just click the command.
3. Select the Annotation type.
Editing drawings
158
Dimensions
The first option is meant for cases where two or more groups are not overlapping. The
second and third options are meant for cases where the groups are overlapping. The third
option is otherwise similar to the second one, except that the dimension text is in 90
degrees angle in relation to the actual dimension line.
4. In Prefix for spacing value, enter the letters or text to be placed before the spacing
value.
5. In the Settings for distribution line, select the properties file that you want to use for
the distribution line.
You can control these properties by opening and modifying the properties file in the
Dimension Properties dialog box.
6. In Settings for note text, select the properties file that you want to use for the
annotation text part other than the position text.
You can control these properties by opening and modifying the properties file in the Text
Properties dialog box.
7. In Show position in text, select whether you want to show or hide the position text
Editing drawings
159
Dimensions
8. If you set Close dimension line to part ends to Default, the first annotation type is
closed, and the other types are not. You can change this default behavior by selecting
Yes or No.
9. In Settings for position text, select the properties file that you want to use for the
position text in the annotation.
10. Go to the Advanced settings tab to control the relative locations and placing of various
elements of the annotation.
11. In First line spacing, enter a millimeter value to indicate the space between the
dimension line and the first line of dimension text.
12. In Next line spacing, enter a millimeter value to indicate the space between several lines
of dimension text.
13. Select Free text below text and enter a millimeter value to indicate the space between
the last line of dimension text and the next dimension line.
Editing drawings
160
Dimensions
14. Select Dimension line spacing and enter a millimeter value to indicate the space
between two or more dimension lines.
15. In Tolerance for group width, enter a decimal value to override the default tolerance
value of 50 mm.
The idea is to have a common dimension line and multiple texts whenever the reinforcing
bar groups have equal widths, which means that the difference in width is smaller than
the tolerance.
16. Click OK.
17. Click the location on the reinforcing bar group where you want to place the dimensions.
Editing drawings
161
Dimensions
Example
See also Creating your own menu
Creating your own toolbar
Adding manual dimensions on page 142
Dimensioning center of gravity
You can indicate the location of the center of gravity (COG) in single-part, assembly, and cast
unit drawings by creating COG dimensions and a COG symbol at the center of gravity. You
can also create COG dimensions in section views. COG dimensions will be automatically
updated if the single part, assembly, or cast unit changes. The COG dimensions can also be
cloned.
Limitations:
•
If you copy or link a drawing containing COG dimensions to another drawing, such as a
multidrawing, the COG dimensions will not be copied.
•
You cannot create COG dimensions in general arrangement drawings or multidrawings.
To create COG dimensions:
1. Double-click the Create COG Dimension toolbar command
2. Modify the options as required:
Editing drawings
162
Dimensions
.
•
In Create, select Symbol to see only the COG symbol, or Dimensions to see only COG
dimensions. To see both, select Both.
•
In Dimensioning, select to create Horizontal or Vertical dimensions, or Both.
•
In Dimension attributes, you can load predefined dimension properties.
The appearance settings (size, color, etc.) of the COG dimensions are read from the
dimension property file you load in Dimension attributes. You can create and save
dimension property files through Dimensioning --> Dimension Properties . For
example, you may create a special COG dimension property file to change the color or
arrow type, and load the saved properties in Dimension attributes.
Editing drawings
163
Dimensions
•
In Symbol Options, you can change the Symbol file in use and the symbol you want
to use for COG, and load predefined symbol properties.
You can access the symbol options only if you have selected Both or Symbol for
Create. The appearance settings (height, color, etc.) of the symbol are read from the
symbol properties file you load in Symbol attributes.
You can create and save symbol property files through Annotating --> Properties -> Symbols… . For example, you may create a special COG symbol properties file to
change the color and height of the symbol, and load the saved properties in Symbol
attributes.
3. Click OK.
4. Pick the first point to specify the origin of the dimensions. The origin is the point from
which you want to measure the location of the center of gravity. This point must be
located within the view frame.
5. Pick the second point to place the dimensions. This point may fall outside the view frame.
Editing drawings
164
Dimensions
The example below shows the created dimensions.
6. When the dimension is selected, handles are shown at the dimension origin and the
dimension location. You can drag these handles to adjust the origin or the location, or
move them using the standard editing commands.
See also
Editing drawings
165
Dimensions
Exaggerating selected dimensions (ExaggerateSelectedDimensions)
You can exaggerate narrow dimensions to make them easier to read. When exaggerated, a
dimension that is narrower than the limit defined in the Options dialog box is enlarged using
the defined scale. If there are many exaggerated dimensions, Tekla Structures arranges them
automatically.
To exaggerate dimensions:
1. Go to Tools --> Options --> Options --> Drawing dimensions .
2. Set the Exaggeration limit and Exaggeration scale.
Exaggeration scaling defines whether you are using Paper or Model as the exaggeration
scaling method. If you select Paper, the exaggeration limit is multiplied by the view
scale. If you select Model, and the scale is 1:10, all the dimensions smaller than 10 mm
are exaggerated regardless of the drawing scale.
3. Click OK to save the settings and close the Options dialog box.
4. In an open drawing, click the dimension that you want to exaggerate.
5. Click Tools --> Macros , select ExaggerateSelectedDimensions from the list,
and click Run.
Modifying dimension properties
You can modify the properties of the dimensions in an open drawing.
To modify dimensions:
1. Double-click a dimension.
2. Switch all the check boxes off in the dialog box by clicking the on/off switch
at the bottom of the dialog box.
3. Select only the check boxes next to the properties that you want to modify.
Editing drawings
166
Dimensions
4. On the General tab, modify the dimension type, format, and placing settings.
For example, here you can set the dimension to be free or fixed. Free lets Tekla Structures
to decide the location and direction of the dimension. Fixed allows you to place the
dimension at any point. For more information click the link in the See also section.
5. On the Appearance tab, modify the text, line and arrow settings.
For more information, click the link in the See also section.
6. On the Marks tab, modify the dimension mark contents and exaggeration settings.
Here you can also select whether you want to show plate side marks. for more
information, click the link in the See also section.
7. On the Marks tab, click the ... button next to Prefix or Posfix to add elements in the
dimension mark and modify element appearance.
8. On the Tags tab, add dimension tags as required, and set the dimension tag rotation.
Here you can also select to include part count to dimension tags and select a filter that
removes the desired default content from the tag. For more information, click the link in
the See also section.
9. Click Modify.
See also General dimension properties on page 533
Dimension appearance properties on page 537
Dimension mark and dimension tag properties on page 538
Adding tags to dimensions on page 150
Dimension and dimensioning properties on page 533
Adding manual dimensions on page 142
Adding dimension points in anchor bolt plans
You can add dimension points to dimensions inside the enlarged views in an open anchor
bolt plan.
Limitations: You cannot create new dimension lines that have dimension points inside both
the enlarged views and the plan view.
To add dimension points to the dimensions inside the enlarged views:
1. Select the enlarged view frame.
2. Select the dimension to modify.
3. Right-click and select Add dimension point.
See also Creating anchor bolt plans using saved settings on page 59
Example: Dimensions in anchor bolt plans on page 458
Editing drawings
167
Dimensions
Showing plate side marks
You can show plate side marks on dimension leader lines. The plate side marks indicate
whether the dimension point is to the face or center of the part, for example, a plate, web, or
flange.
To create plate side marks:
1. Select Dimensioning --> Dimension Properties .
2. In the Dimension Properties dialog box, go to the Marks tab, set Type in Plate side
marks to Specified to manually control the symbol and insert plate side mark symbols in
the drawing.
The option Automatic is available only in intelligent drawings, that is when the advanced
option XS_INTELLIGENT_DRAWING_ALLOWED is set to TRUE.
3. Modify the other properties of the plate side marks as required:
•
You can select the left and right plate side mark.
•
You can set the mark size.
•
You can adjust the mark color.
•
You can set the offset of the mark from the dimension line.
4. Click Modify.
See also XS_DIMENSION_PLATE_SIDE_MARK_SYMBOL_LEFT
XS_DIMENSION_PLATE_SIDE_MARK_SYMBOL_CENTER
XS_DIMENSION_PLATE_SIDE_MARK_SYMBOL_RIGHT
Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Editing drawings
168
Dimensions
XS_INTELLIGENT_DRAWING_ALLOWED
Dimension mark and dimension tag properties on page 538
Changing the location of short outside dimension texts
If you have selected to place texts of short dimensions outside the dimensions by setting
Short dimensions to Outside on the General tab of the Dimension Properties, you can
select on which side of the extension line the dimension text is placed.
Limitations: You can flip only start or end dimensions in a dimension set.
To change the location of the dimension text:
1. Click Dimensioning --> Edit Dimensions --> Flip Outside Dimension .
2. Click the dimension whose location you want to change.
You can place the dimension text outside the dimensions if there is enough space for the
dimension text.
See also Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Setting new dimension start point
You can select a new start point for running dimensions (dimensions that start from a
common start point).
To select a new start point:
1. Select an existing dimension in the drawing.
2. Click Dimensioning --> Edit Dimensions --> Set Dimension Start Point .
3. Select the new start point. Tekla Structures automatically updates the dimensions.
Example You can use this command to swap the running dimensions start point to the opposite end of
the member. This is useful when running dimensions start from the opposite end of a
member.
Editing drawings
169
Dimensions
When you use the US absolute dimension type, Tekla Structures draws a new RD symbol
(Running Dimension) at the new zero point and updates the dimensions according to the new
start point.
See also Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Adding closing dimensions
In a drawing containing a reinforcing bar group, you can manually add closing dimensions to
the edge of the part using the Add Dimension Point command.
To add closing dimensions:
1. Open a cast unit drawing.
2. Select the reinforcing bar group dimension line.
3. Click Dimensioning --> Add Dimension Point .
4. Select the points where you want to add the closing dimensions.
Editing drawings
170
Dimensions
Tekla Structures creates the closing dimensions.
See also XS_REBAR_DIMENSION_MARK_MANUAL_CLOSE_TO_GEOMETRY
Adding dimension points on page 171
Adding dimension points
To add dimension points on a dimension line:
1. Select the dimension line.
You can only add points to one dimension line at a time.
2. Click Dimensioning --> Edit Dimensions --> Add Dimension Point .
3. Click a position on the part where you want to add the dimension point.
You can add several points.
4. If needed, you can remove a point by clicking Dimensioning --> Edit Dimensions -->
Remove Dimension Point and clicking the point you want to remove.
You can remove several points in a row.
Editing drawings
171
Dimensions
The Add Dimension Point and Remove Dimension Point commands are also available in
the pop-up menu for dimensions.
See also Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Adding closing dimensions on page 170
Linking perpendicular dimension lines
You can connect two perpendicular dimension lines. Connecting dimension lines makes your
drawings clearer and easier to read. For example, you might want to link dimension lines of
embedded objects in a cast unit, floor beams in a floor plan, or anchor bolts in an anchor bolt
plan.
To connect two dimension lines:
1. Hold down Ctrl and select two perpendicular dimension lines to connect.
2. Click Dimensioning --> Edit Dimensions --> Link Dimension Lines .
3. If you want to unlink the dimension lines you linked, select the linked dimension line and
click Dimensioning --> Edit Dimensions --> Unlink Dimension Lines .
Example Below is an example of linked dimension lines.
The commands Link Dimension Lines and Unlink Dimension Lines are also available in
the pop-up menu for dimensions.
See also Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Editing drawings
172
Dimensions
Combining dimension lines
You can manually combine a group of two or more parallel dimension lines into one line.
To combine parallel dimension lines:
1. Hold down Ctrl and click the dimension lines you want to combine.
2. Click Dimensioning --> Edit Dimensions --> Combine Dimension Lines .
You can also select Combine Dimension Lines from the pop-up menu.
See also Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Editing drawings
173
Dimensions
Dragging dimension marks
Dimension marks can be freely dragged to avoid overlapping dimensions and marks.
Ensure, that you have switched Smart Select on in Tools --> Options .
To drag dimension marks:
1. Select the dimension line.
If you do not select the dimension line first, dragging will move the whole dimension, not
just the dimension mark.
When you select the line, the dimension mark handle becomes visible.
2. Point the handle, press down the left mouse button, and drag the dimension mark to the
desired location.
See also Modifying dimension properties on page 166
Moving the end of the dimension line
You can move the end of the dimension line orthogonal to itself outside the part. The
dimension tags are moved together with the end of the line. This is useful when the tags
would otherwise cover part geometry or other objects, such as dimensions or marks.
Limitations: You can move the end of the dimension line in all straight dimensions, except
elevation dimensions.
To move the end of the dimension line:
1. In an open drawing, click the dimension.
The dimension line handle becomes visible.
2. Select the handle and drag the end of the line to the desired position.
It is easier to select the handle when your hold down Alt and then click the handle.
If the dimension contains dimension tags, the tags are visible while you drag.
Editing drawings
174
Dimensions
Fly UP