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キーワード集

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キーワード集
GRAVITATION – UNKNOWN INTERACTION
PRESENTATION ABSTRACTS
GLOSSARY
Binary System: 【連星系】A system of two starts rotating around each other.
Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB): 【マイクロ波背景輻射】Microwave radiation coming almost
uniformly from all the directions in the universe.
Cryocooler: 【冷凍機】
Dark Matter: 【ダークマター】A portion of the matter in the universe which does not emit
electromagnetic waves, thus invisible.
Equation of State: 【状態方程式】An equation describing the relationship between state variables,
such as pressure, volume and temperature, of a system.
Extra Dimension: 【余剰次元】Additional spatial dimension outside of our three dimensional world,
which is theoretically predicted to exist in addition to our “real world”.
Gamma-ray Burst:【ガンマ線バースト】Sudden
bright
bursts
of
gamma-rays
coming
from
astronomical sources.
General relativity theory: 【一般相対性理論】A theory of space and time proposed by Einstein.
GEO: 【ジオ】600m long interferometric gravitational wave detector located in Hannover, Germany.
Grand-unified theory: 【大統一理論】A particle physics theory where three forces (strong, weak and
electromagnetic force) are unified.
Gravitational radiation: 【重力放射】A kind of radiation (not electromagnetic radiation) produced by
gravity.
Gravitational Wave:【重力波】A wave of gravity propagating in space.
Interaction : 【相互作用】 Same as force, especially that between elementary particles.
KAGRA: 【カグラ】Japanese gravitational wave detector being built in the Kamioka mine.
Kamioka mine: 【神岡鉱山】A closed mine in Gifu prefecture Japan where various physics
experiments, such as Super Kamiokande, are conducted
Laser Interferometer:【レーザー干渉計】In our context, a device to measure small motion of mirrors
using interference of laser beams.
th
9 Japanese-German Frontiers of Science Symposium | Potsdam, October 25-28, 2012
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PRESENTATION ABSTRACTS
GRAVITATION – UNKNOWN INTERACTION
GLOSSARY
LIGO: 【ライゴ】4km long interferometric gravitational wave detectors built at two sites in the United
States.
Neutron Star: 【中性子星】A star almost entirely made of neutrons
Photon: 【光子】An elementary particle corresponding to electromagnetic waves
Power Spectrum Density: 【パワースペクトラム密度】A time varying signal is composed of many
different frequency components. Power spectrum density is a function of frequency representing the
energy of each frequency component contained in a signal.
Quantum Mechanics: 【量子力学】Mechanics in microscopic world under atomic scale.
Quantum Gravity: 【量子重力】Gravitational theories which are effective at a microscopic scale.
Space-based observation: 【宇宙空間での観測】
Spacetime: 【時空】A combined word implying space and time.
Strong force: 【強い力】A stronger force than the electro-magnetic one, by which a nucleus is
bounded.
Super-symmetric theory: 【超対称性理論】A particle physics theory with Super-symmetry.
Super-string theory: 【超弦理論】A particle physics theory where a particle is treated as a string.
VIRGO: 【ヴィルゴ】3km long laser interferometric gravitational wave detector located near Pisa, Italy.
Weak force: 【弱い力】A weaker force than the electro-magnetic one, by which nuclear beta decay is
caused.
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th
9 Japanese-German Frontiers of Science Symposium | Potsdam, October 25-28, 2012
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