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Metalwork
94
F R E N C H
S C I E N T I F I C
I N S T R U M E N T S
P R O V E N A N C E
Private collection, Paris (sold, Sotheby's,
Monaco, February 23,1986, lot 901);
M r s . Kila Kugel, N e w York, 1986.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
"Acquisitions/1986," GettyMusJ'15 (1987),
no. 102, p. 212, illus.; Jean Perfettini, Le
Galuchat, 1988, pp. 62-63, illus.; Jean-Nérée
Ronfort, "Science and Luxury: Two Acqui­
sitions by the J. Paul Getty Museum,"
GettyMusJ 17 (1989), pp. 47-82, figs.
18-19, 21, 23, 25, 28-29, 35; Handbook 1991,
p. 175, illus.
Metalwork
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
A
C A N D L E S T I C K S
One of a pair
148
One of a pair
149
C A N D E L A B R A
147
N
D
1 4 7 . Compound Microscope and Case
Paris, after 1749
Micrometric stage invented by M i c h e l -
148. Pair of Girandoles
Paris, circa 1680-1690
Ferdinand, due de Chaulnes
G i l t bronze; beads and drops o f rock crystal,
G i l t bronze; enamel; shagreen; glass; case
coral, jasper, amethyst, carnelian, agate, and
o f wood; gilded leather; brass; velvet; silver
garnet
galon and lace; various natural specimens i n
Height: 1 ft. 3 i n . (38 cm); W i d t h : 10 i n .
slides; and a number o f extra lenses
(25.5 cm); Diameter (at base): 5 i n . (13 cm)
Microscope: Height: 1 ft. 6% i n . (48 cm);
Accession number 85.DF.382.1-.2
W i d t h : 11 i n . (28 cm); D e p t h : 8/16 i n .
(20.5 cm); Case: Height: 2 ft. 2 i n . (66 cm);
W i d t h : ι ft. i 4 i n . (34.9 cm); Depth:
P R O V E N A N C E
[Bernard Baruch Steinitz, Paris].
3
10 /8 i n . (27 cm)
5
Accession number 8 6 . D H . 6 9 4
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
"Acquisitions/1985," GettyMusJ 14 (1986),
no. 188, p. 241, illus.
F R E N C H
G I L T
1 4 9 . Pair of Candlesticks
B R O N Z E :
C A N D E L A B R A
A N D
C A N D L E S T I C K S
151. Pair of Candlesticks
Paris, circa 1680-1690
Paris, circa 1780
G i l t bronze
By Etienne M a r t i n c o u r t
Height: 10 i n . (25.4 cm); Diameter: 5% i n .
G i l t bronze
(14.6 cm)
Each candlestick stamped
Accession number 72.DF.56.1—.2
under base. One inscribed Louis
MARTINCOURT
Antoine
Blois and LA inside base.
P R O V E N A N C E
Height: 11 4 i n . (29.9 cm); Diameter: 5 /s i n .
3
Baron Nathaniel de Rothschild, Vienna;
3
(13.7 cm)
Baron Alphonse de Rothschild, Vienna;
Accession number 72.DF.48.1-.2
confiscated by the T h i r d Reich i n M a r c h
1938; restituted to the Baroness Clarice de
P R O V E N A N C E
Rothschild, Vienna, i n 1947; [Rosenberg
M r . and M r s . Meyer Sassoon, Pope's
and Stiebel, Inc., N e w York, 1971]; pur­
Manor, Berkshire, by 1914; Violet Sassoon
chased by J. Paul Getty.
(Mrs. Derek C. Fitzgerald) (sold, Christie's,
L o n d o n , M a r c h 23,1972, lot 59); purchased
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
at that sale by J. Paul Getty.
Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen,
One of a pair
p. 58, illus.
150
E X H I B I T I O N S
L o n d o n , The Burlington Fine Arts Club,
1914, no. 117.
150. Pair of
Girandoles
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Paris, circa 1730
F. J. B . Watson, Wallace Collection Cata­
Rock crystal; gilt bronze
logues: Furniture
Height: 2 ft. 10 i n . (86.3 cm); W i d t h :
Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen,
2 ft. % i n . (62.3 cm); D e p t h : 1 ft. 2 4 i n .
p. 230, illus.
3
(37.5 cm)
Accession number 75.DF.53.1-.2
P R O V E N A N C E
[Kraemer et Cie, Paris]; purchased by
J. Paul Getty.
One of a pair
151
(London, 1956), p. 95;
95
96
F R E N C H
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
C A N D E L A B R A
153 Pair of Candelabra
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Paris, circa 1775
Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen,
A t t r i b u t e d to Pierre Gouthiére
p. 230, illus.
G i l t bronze
Height: 1 ft. 3 i n . (38.3 cm); W i d t h : 8% i n .
(21.6 cm); Depth: y /s i n . (19.9 cm)
7
154. Pair of Candelabra
Accession number 72.DF.43.1-.2
One of a pair
Paris, circa 1785
P R O V E N A N C E
A t t r i b u t e d to Pierre-Philippe T h o m i r e and
(?) Baron H e n r i de Rothschild, Paris;
Louis-Simon Boizot
[Fran$ois-Gerard Seligmann, Paris, circa
Patinated and gilt bronze; white and griotte
1948]; Carreras Savedra, Director o f the
marble
M u s e u m o f Fine Arts, Buenos Aires;
Height: 2 ft. 10 4 i n . (83.2 cm); Diameter:
3
[Jacques Helft, Buenos Aires]; [French and
uVx i n . (29.2 cm)
Co., N e w York]; purchased by J. Paul Getty.
Accession number 86.DF.521.1—.2
152
P R O V E N A N C E
152. Pair of Candelabra
(?) Anatole Demidov, Prince o f San Donato,
San Donato Palace, Pratolino, near Florence
Elephants: German (Meissen manufactory),
circa 1741-1745
(sold, San D o n a t o Palace, M a r c h 15,1880,
Flowers: (?) Vincennes manufactory, circa
lot 804, en suite w i t h a mantel clock);
1745-1750
[Bernard Baruch Steinitz, Paris].
Mounts: Paris, circa 1750
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Elephants modeled by Peter Reinicke
"Acquisitions/1986," GettyMusJ15 (1987),
i n 1741
no. 109, p. 214, illus.; Handbook 1991, p. 196,
Hard-paste porcelain elephants; soft-paste
illus.
porcelain flowers; gilt-bronze mounts
Height: 97s i n . (23.2 cm); W i d t h : 9% i n .
(24.7 cm); D e p t h : \V% i n . (10.5 cm)
Accession number 75.DI.68.1—.2
P R O V E N A N C E
Baron M a x i m i l i a n v o n GoldschmidtRothschild, Frankfurt am M a i n ; [Rosenberg
and Stiebel, Inc., N e w York, 1975]; pur­
chased by J. Paul Getty.
One of a pair
153
F R E N C H
GILT
BRONZE:
CANDELABRA
155 Pair of Candelabra
Paris, circa 1784-1786
Attributed to L . F. Feuchére
Blued metal; gilt bronze
Height: 3 ft. 8 4 i n . (113.7 cm); W i d t h :
3
ι ft. 5 4 i n . (45.1 cm); D e p t h : ιοΥχ i n .
3
(26.7 cm)
Accession number 71.DF.99.1-.2
P R O V E N A N C E
Baron Mayer Amschel de Rothschild, M e n t more Towers, Buckinghamshire; Hannah
de Rothschild (Countess o f Rosebery, wife
o f the 5th Earl, married 1878, died 1890),
Mentmore Towers; Albert Primrose,
6th Earl o f Rosebery, Mentmore Towers,
by inheritance (sold, Sotheby's, L o n d o n ,
A p r i l 17,1964, lot 25); [Claude Sere, Paris,
1964]; private collection, Paris, late 1960s;
[Frank Partridge and Sons, L t d . , L o n d o n ,
1971]; purchased by J. Paul Getty.
E X H I B I T I O N S
London, 25 Park Lane, Three French Reigns,
February-April 1933, no. 485, illus.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
"French Furniture at the Exhibition o f
One of a pair
154
'Three French Reigns', 25 Park Lane,"
Country Life 73-1884 (February 25,1933),
p. 206, figs. 5, 7; Ottomeyer and Pröschel,
Vergoldete Bronzen, p. 261, illus.; Jonathan
Bourne and Vanessa Brett, Lighting in the
Domestic Interior: Renaissance to Art Nouveau
(London, 1991), illus. p. 101, fig. 321.
One of a pair
155
97
98
F R E N C H
G I L T
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
B R O N Z E :
C H A N D E L I E R S
158. Chandelier
C H A N D E L I E R S
Paris, circa 1710
A t t r i b u t e d to Andre-Charles Boulle
156. Chandelier
Paris, circa 1700
G i l t bronze
Lead glass and rock crystal; gilt bronze
Each element is stamped w i t h the crowned
Height: 3 ft. 6Ys i n . (107 cm); Diameter:
Cfori745-i749.
2 ft. 5/8 i n . (74 cm)
Height: 2 ft. 6Vz i n . (77.5 cm); Diameter:
2 ft. 8 i n . (81.3 cm)
Accession number 88.DH.17
Accession number 76. DF.13
P R O V E N A N C E
[Kraemer et Cie, Paris].
P R O V E N A N C E
A n t e n o r Patino, Paris; [Kraemer et Cie,
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Paris, 1976]; purchased by J. Paul Getty.
"Acquisitions/1988," GettyMusJ 17 (1989),
no. 67, p. 140, illus.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
157
Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen,
p. 51, illus.; Jean-Nérée Ronfort, "AndréCharles Boulle: die Bronzearbeiten u n d
157. Chandelier
seine Werkstatt i m Louvre," Vergoldete
Paris, circa 1700
Bronzen: Die Bronzearbeiten des
G i l t bronze
Height: 3 ft. 9% i n . (115 cm); Diameter:
3 ft. 6%. i n . (110 cm)
Accession number 87.DF.28
Spätbarock
und Klassizismus, Hans Ottomeyer and
Peter Pröschel, eds. ( M u n i c h , 1986), v o l . 2,
p. 505; Verlet, Les Bronzes, pp. 91, 269, fig. 98.
P R O V E N A N C E
Edouard Chappey, Paris, circa 1900;
[Michel Meyer, Paris, 1986].
E X H I B I T I O N S
Paris, Exposition
Universelle de ιροο, 1900,
no. 2891, p. 190.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
"Acquisitions/1987," GettyMusJ 16 (1988),
no. 69, p. 177, illus.
156
158
F R E N C H
ι 60.
GILT
BRONZE:
WALL
LIGHTS
Chandelier
Paris, circa 1818-1819
By André Galle
Glass; enameled metal; gilt bronze
Height: 4 ft. 3 i n . (129.5 cm); Diameter:
3 ft. 2 i n . (96.5 cm)
Accession number 7 3 . D H . 7 6
P R O V E N A N C E
Sold, H o t e l Drouot, Paris, early 1960s;
(sold, H o t e l Drouot, Paris, February 7,
1972, lot 83); [Kraemer et Cie, Paris, 1972];
[French and Co., N e w York]; purchased by
J. Paul Getty.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Michael Shapiro, "Monsieur Galle, Bronzier
et Doreur," GettyMusJ 6-7 (1978-1979),
pp. 61-66, illus. figs 3-5, 8; Ottomeyer and
Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen, p. 359, illus.;
159
Handbook 1986, p. 179, illus.
One of a pair
159. Chandelier
161
(?) Paris, circa 1710-1715
Colored and plain glass; silvered foils
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
lacquered w i t h p i n k and green translucent
W A L L
L I G H T S
A
N
D
B R A C K E T S
varnish; silvered pakton; gilt and silvered
bronze; rock crystal
161. Pair of Girandoles
Height: 2 ft. 5 V 2 i n . (75 cm); Diameter:
(?) Paris, circa 1710
2 ft. 8 i n . (81.3 cm)
Silvered bronze; mirror glass; oak support
Accession number 7 4 . D H . 2 9
Girandole .1 is painted 22 i n black on the
wooden backing and its bobeche is stamped
P R O V E N A N C E
w i t h the crowned Cfor 1745-1749.
Private Collection, T u r i n ; [Jacques Kugel,
Giran­
dole .2 is painted 20 i n black on the wooden
Paris]; [ M i c h e l Meyer, Paris]; [Kraemer et
backing and its bobeche is indistinctly
Cie, Paris]; purchased by J. Paul Getty.
stamped w i t h the crowned C.
160
99
IOO
F R E N C H
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
W A L L
L I G H T S
Height: ι ft. 7 / 2 i n . (50 cm); W i d t h : 11% i n .
(29.5 cm); Depth: 6V4 i n . (17.2 cm)
Accession number 85.DG.49.1—.2
P R O V E N A N C E
Swedish art market, circa 1980; [Michel
Meyer, Paris, 1984].
E X H I B I T I O N S
N e w York, The Cooper-Hewitt M u s e u m
and Pittsburgh, T h e Carnegie Museum,
Courts and Colonies: The William and
Style in Holland, EngUnd, and
Mary
America,
November 1988-May 1989, no. 126, p. 169,
illus.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
John A . Cuadrado, "Antiques: L i g h t i n g
and Style," Architectural Digest (April 1983),
p. 106, illus.; "Acquisitions/1985,"
GettyMusJ
14 (1986), no. 209, p. 249, illus.
162
162. Pair of Wall Lights
Paris, circa 1700-1715
G i l t bronze
Height: 1 ft. 9 / 2 i n . (54.6 cm); W i d t h :
ι ft. (30.5 cm); D e p t h : 9 i n . (22.9 cm)
Accession number 85.DF.383.1-.2
P R O V E N A N C E
[Francois Léage, Paris].
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
"Acquisitions/1985," GettyMusJ\\
no. 191, p. 242, illus.
(1986),
F R E N C H
GILT
BRONZE:
WALL
LIGHTS
AND
BRACKETS
Bremer-David, "Acquisitions 1983," no. 4,
p. 187, illus.; "Acquisitions/1983,"
GettyMusJ
12 (1984), no. 6, p. 263, illus.; Ottomeyer
and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen, p. 62,
illus. pp. 62, 83; Jean-Nérée Ronfort,
"André-Charles Boulle: D i e Bronzearbeiten
u n d seine Werkstatt i m Louvre," Vergoldete
Bronzen: Die Bronzearbeiten des
Spätbarock
unä\ Klassizismus, Hans Ottomeyer and
Peter Pröschel, eds. ( M u n i c h , 1986), vol. 2,
p. 495; n . 229, p. 519; A n n a Saratowicz,
"Apliki do Sali Rycerskiej," Kronika
(1988), pp. 18-30, illus. p. 20.
Zamkowayvj
1 6 4 . Pair of Wall Lights
(?) Paris, circa 1730
O n e of a pair
163
Gilt bronze
Height: 1 ft. 11 i n . (58.5 cm); W i d t h : 11 Ys i n .
(28.3 cm); Depth: 8 i n . (20.3 cm)
163. Pair of Wall Lights
Accession number 78.DF.89.1-.2
Paris, circa 1715-1720
A t t r i b u t e d to Andre-Charles Boulle
P R O V E N A N C E
G i l t bronze
[Cameron, London, 1950]; purchased by
Height: 1 ft. 8/16 i n . (51 cm); W i d t h : 1 ft. 2 in.
J. Paul Getty, 1950.
O n e of a pair
164
(35.5 cm); D e p t h : 9 / i 6 i n . (25 cm)
I3
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Accession number 83.DF.195.1-.2
Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen,
p. 109, illus.
P R O V E N A N C E
Pierre de Faucigny-Lucinge, Vaux-le-Penil
(near M e l u n ) ; [Fran£ois-Gerard Seligmann,
Paris]; Samuel K a h n , Verbere (Oise) and
Nice; [Bernard Baruch Steinitz, Paris, 1982].
165. Wall Bracket
Paris, circa 1730-173 5
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Gilt bronze, brass, w i t h oak core
Jean-Nérée Ronfort, "Le Fondeur Jean-
Height: 1 ft. 4 i n . (32.5 cm); W i d t h :
Pierre Mariette et la F i n de PAtelier
ι ft. 3 /8 i n . (39 cm); Depth: 6 4 i n .
dAndre-Charles Boulle," L'Estampille
(September 1984), pp. 72-73, illus.;
3
3
173
3
(17.2 cm)
Accession number 87.DF.136
165
ΙΟΙ
I02
F R E N C H
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
W A L L
L I G H T S
P R O V E N A N C E
P R O V E N A N C E
Paul Wallraf, L o n d o n (sold, Sotheby's,
H e n r y Seymour, London (with another
London, December 8, 1983, lot 579);
pair); [French and Co., New York (six)];
[La Cour de Varenne, Paris, 1987].
two lights sold to [Arnold Seligmann, Rey
and Co., 1941], later i n the Georges Lurcy
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
"Acquisitions/1987," GettyMusJi6
(1988),
no. 70, pp. 177-178, illus.
collection, N e w York; Rita Lydig, (?) N e w
York, 1927; Sidney J. Lamon, N e w York
(sold, Christie's, London, November 29,
1973, lot 69); [Frank Partridge and Sons,
L t d . , L o n d o n , 1973]; purchased by J. Paul
Getty.
1 6 6 . Four Wall Lights
Paris, circa 1740
Soft-paste porcelain flowers; gilt bronze
Height: 1 ft. 6 i n . (45.7 cm); W i d t h :
1 6 7 . Pair of Wall Lights
ι ft. 1/4 i n . (34.3 cm); D e p t h : 7% i n .
Paris, circa 1745-1749
(19.7 cm)
G i l t bronze
Accession number 75.DF.4.1—.4
Each light bears one crowned Cfor
1745-1749·
One
of
a pair
167
Height: 2 ft. 4% i n . (72.4 cm); W i d t h :
ι ft. 6 4 i n . (47.6 cm); Depth: io A i n .
3
l
(26.7 cm)
1 6 8 . Four Wall Lights
Paris, circa 1750
Accession number 89.DF.26.1—.2
A t t r i b u t e d to Jacques Caffieri
P R O V E N A N C E
G i l t bronze
European private collection; [Alexander and
Two lights stamped w i t h a crown flanked by
Berendt, L t d . , L o n d o n ] .
CR for Casa Reale and the inventory n u m ­
bers C$62.1 and C$62.2 on front near base.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
"Acquisitions/1989," GettyMusJiS
(1990),
no. 53, p. 193, illus.; Handbook 1991, p. 177,
illus.
Two other lights stamped similarly C. 1068.1
and
C1068.2.
Height: 3 ft. 1 i n . (94 cm); W i d t h :
ι ft. 10 4 i n . (57.8 cm); D e p t h : 1 ft. iVs i n .
3
(34 cm)
Accession number 84.DF.41.1—.4
One
of
four
166
P R O V E N A N C E
M m e Louise-Elisabeth o f France (Duchess
o f Parma), Palazzo d i Colorno (near Parma),
circa 1753; ducal collection o f Parma; private
collection, France (sold, Ader, Picard et
F R E N C H
Tajan, Paris, December 12,1978, lot 48);
GILT
BRONZE:
WALL
LIGHTS
169. Four Wall Lights
[Partridge (Fine Arts) L t d . , L o n d o n , 1978];
(See entry no. 303.)
private collection, L o n d o n ; [Partridge (Fine
Paris, 1756
Arts) L t d . , L o n d o n , 1983].
By Fran£ois-Thomas Germain
Gilt bronze
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Bremer-David, "Acquisitions 1984," no. 3,
pp. 76-79, illus.; "Acquisitions/1984,"
GettyMusJ13 (1985), no. 57, p. 180, illus.;
Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen,
pp. 100,140, illus.; Alvar González-Palacios,
II Tempio del Gusto: Le arti decorative in
Italia fra Chssicismi e barocco ( M i l a n , 1986),
vol. i , p. 206; v o l . 2, pp. 230-231, fig. 453;
Handbook 1986, p. 161, illus. (one).
Two wall lights engraved FAIT
F. T. GERMAIN.
GALLERIES
PAR
SCULP. O RED U ROI AUX
DU LOUVRE.
lower
1756at
right and left. Two stamped w i t h Palais d u
Luxembourg inventory number 1051 LUX
1 and two w i t h 1051 LUX2.,All
punched
w i t h Chateau de Compiégne inventory
marks CP under a crown and N° 28, at
lower rear. Various numbers stamped o n
bobeches and drip pans.
Wall Light .i.a: Height: 3 ft. 3% i n .
(99.6 cm); W i d t h : 2 ñ. A i n . (63.2 cm);
7
Depth: 1 ft. 4 / 8 i n . (41.0 cm); W a l l Light
.i.b: Height: 3 ft. 1% i n . (94.6 cm); W i d t h :
ι ft.
io /8
5
i n . (57.5 cm); Depth: 1 ft. i /s i n .
s
One of four
169
(34.6 cm); Wall Light .2.a: Height:
3 ft. 4/4 i n . (102.9 cm); W i d t h : 2 ft. 1 i n .
pairs regilded by Feuchére i n the first six
(63.5 cm); Depth: 1 ft. iVi i n . (34.3 cm);
months o f 1787 for 500 livres a pair and
Wall Light .2.b: Height: 2 ft. 11 V% i n .
installed i n the Salon des Nobles de la Reine,
(89.2 cm); W i d t h : 1 ft. i o / s i n . (56.8 cm);
Chateau de Compiégne, until 1791; Govern­
Depth: 1 ft. 3% i n . (40.3 cm)
ment o f France, Palais d u Luxembourg,
Accession number 8 i . D F . 9 6 . i . a - . b and
Paris, after 1792; Baron Mayer Amschel de
3
.2.a-.b
Rothschild, the Great D i n i n g Room,
Mentmore Towers, Buckinghamshire, late
P R O V E N A N C E
Made for Louis-Philippe, due d'Orléans;
four pairs installed i n the Chambre de
Parade and the Salon des Jeux o f the Palais
Royal, Paris, circa 1756; sold privately i n
1786 by Louis-Philippe-Joseph,
due
d'Orléans, and purchased by the bronzier
Feuchére (probably Pierre-Fran$ois Feuchére)
for Louis X V I ; four pairs purchased by the
One of four
168
Mobilier Royal, Paris, August 30,1786, and
described as having damaged gilding; two
nineteenth century; Hannah de Rothschild
(Countess o f Rosebery, wife o f the 5th Earl,
married 1878, died 1890), Mentmore Towers;
Albert Primrose, 6th Earl o f Rosebery,
Mentmore Towers (sold, Sotheby's, L o n d o n ,
A p r i l 17,1964, lot 18); [Francois-Gérard
Seligmann, Paris]; private collection,
IO3
I04
F R E N C H
GILT
B R O N Z E :
WALL
LIGHTS
Argentina and Switzerland (offered for sale,
Kronika Zamkowayvy
Sotheby's, Monaco, June 14-15,1981, lot
Jacques Charles et al., De Versailles ä Paris:
lot 787A); [Alexander and Berendt, L t d . ,
Le Destín des collections royales (Paris, 1989),
L o n d o n , 1980].
148a—b, bought i n ) .
(1988), pp. 18-30;
Sotheby's, Los Angeles, October 21, 1980,
illus. p. 143, fig. 2; Jonathan Bourne and
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Vanessa Brett, Lighting in the Domestic
Denis Diderot and Jean d'Alembert,
Encyclopédie
Interior: Renaissance to ArtNouveau
ou dictionnaire raisonné des
sciences, planches (Paris, 1762), vol. 1, s.v.
p. 180, illus. (one).
"architecture," pis. 32-33; Axelle de Broglie
de Gaigneron, "Le 3
e m e
(London,
1991), illus. p. 75, fig. 237; Handbook 1991,
Témoin de l'art de
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
W i l s o n , "Acquisitions 1977 to m i d 1979,"
no. 7, pp. 42-43, illus. (one); Sassoon,
"Acquisitions 1982," no. 10, pp. 52-53, illus.;
W i l s o n , Selections, no. 35, pp. 7 0 - 7 1 , illus.
(one); Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete
F - T h . Germain, bronzier," Connaissance des
Bronzen, pp. 190-191, illus.; Handbook 1986,
Six Wall Lights
p. 173, illus. (one); Verlet, Les Bronzes, p. 293,
M a x Terrier, "L'Appliqué: Sa Provenance,"
Paris, circa 1765-1770
illus. p. 199, fig. 228, and p. 253, fig. 267;
Connaissance des arts 201 (November
By Philippe Caffieri
Handbook 1991, p. 189, illus. (one).
1968), pp. 32-33; Svend Eriksen, Early
G i l t bronze
Neo-Classicism in France (London, 1974),
Lights 78.DF.263.ι and 82.DF.35.1 stenciled
arts 199 (September 1968), pp. 76-77, illus.;
1
p. 349, p i . 202; Pierre Verlet, "Bronzes
No 151 on back. Light 82.DF.35.1 engraved
d'ameublement fran$ais d u X V I I I siécle:
fait par Caffiery on one drip pan and
Notes et documents," Bulletin de la
stamped w i t h the numbers 2 and 5 on
Société de l'histoire de l'art frangais (1980),
back. 82.DF.35.2 stamped w i t h the number
pp. 200-201, illus. p. 203; M i c h e l Beurdeley,
4 on back.
e
La France ä Vencan iy8p-iypp
Height: 2 ft. 1/2 i n . (64.8 cm); W i d t h :
(Fribourg,
1981), p. 167, pis. 177-178; W i l s o n , "Acqui­
ι ft. 4 V 2 i n . (41.9 cm); Depth: 1 ft. % i n .
sitions 1981," no. 4, pp. 73-78 (with a note
(31.ι cm)
on conservation by Barbara Roberts);
Accession numbers 78.DF.263.1-.4 and
W i l s o n , Selections, no. 25, pp. 50-51, illus.;
82.DF.35.1-.2
Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen,
p. 145, illus.; Handbook 1986, p. 164, illus.
(one); Jean-Louis Baritou and D o m i n i q u e
Foussand, Chevolet-Contant-Chaussard:
Un
Cabinet d'architectes au siecle des lumieres
(Lyon, 1987), pp. 135-140, illus. p. 182;
Verlet, Les Bronzes, pp. 296-299, illus.
p. 30, fig. 18; p. 171, fig. 209; p. 256, fig. 275;
p. 297, figs. 327-329; Ρ- 298, figs. 330-331;
Pallot, L'Art du siege, p. 160, illus.; A n n a
Saratowicz, "Apliki do Sali Rycerskiej,"
P R O V E N A N C E
78.DF.263.1-.4: (?) Sold, Hotel Drouot, Paris,
M a y 26-27,1921, lot 99, to de Friedel; p r i ­
vate collection, Paris (sold, Etude Couturier
Nicolay, Paris, A p r i l 6,1978, lot 52); [Alex­
ander and Berendt, L t d . , London, 1978].
82.DA.35.1-.2: H e n r i Smulders, Amsterdam
(sold, two from a set o f four, Frederik
M u l l e r and Co. [Mensing et Fils], Amster­
dam, June 26-27,1934, lot 98); private col­
lection, Los Angeles, probably purchased i n
Paris; M r . Lee Greenway, Los Angeles (sold,
O n e o f six
170
F R E N C H
One of four
171
1 7 1 . Four Wall Lights
One of six
ι
172
Six Wall Lights
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
W A L L
L I G H T S
One of a pair
173
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Paris, circa 1765-1770
Paris, circa 1775
Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen,
A t t r i b u t e d to Philippe Caffieri
After a design attributed to Richard de
p. 173, illus. p. 172, fig. 3.5.4 (here attributed
G i l t bronze
Lalonde
to Jean-Louis Prieur); Jonathan Bourne and
Height: 1 ft. 10% i n . (56.5 cm); W i d t h :
Gilt bronze
Vanessa Brett, Lighting in the Domestic
ι ft. 3% i n . (40 cm); D e p t h : 10% i n . (26 cm)
Height: 2 ft. 3 i n . (68.6 cm); W i d t h :
Interior: Renaissance toArtNouveau
Accession number 92.DF.18.1-.4
ι ft. 1% i n . (33.7 cm); Depth: 1 0 Η i n .
1991), n . 84, p. 110.
(London,
(26.7 cm)
P R O V E N A N C E
Sold, Palais Galliera, Paris, M a r c h 29,1966,
lot 45, to [ B . Fabre et Fils, Paris, circa 1977];
Accession numbers 74.DF.3.1—.2 and
77.DF.29.1-.4
1 7 3 . Pair of Wall Lights
private collection, Paris, circa 1977; [Maurice
P R O V E N A N C E
Paris, circa 1781
Segoura, Paris].
74.DF.3.1-.2: [Alexander and Berendt, L t d . ,
A t t r i b u t e d to Pierre Gouthiére, after a
London, 1974]; purchased by J. Paul Getty.
design by Fran9ois-Joseph Bélanger
77.DF.29.1—.4: Sold, Christie's, L o n d o n ,
G i l t bronze
December 2,1976, lot 3; [Alexander and
Height: 1 ft. 8/4 i n . (52.1 cm); W i d t h :
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
"Acquisitions/1992," GettyMusJzi
i n press, illus.
(1993),
Berendt, L t d . , L o n d o n , 1976].
IO
I 5
/I6
i n . (27.8 cm); Depth: 7 i n . (17.8 cm)
Accession number 74.DF.5.1—.2
IO5
Ιθ6
F R E N C H
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
W A L L
L I G H T S
P R O V E N A N C E
[Kraemer et Cie, Paris, 1974]; purchased by
J. Paul Getty.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen,
p. 243, illus.
1 7 4 . Pair of Wall Lights
Paris, circa 1787
Attributed to Pierre-Philippe T h o m i r e
G i l t bronze
Height: 3 ft. 6Vz i n . (107.9
c
m
) ; Width:
ι ft. 10V16 i n . (57 cm); D e p t h : ιι Λ i n .
7
(30.1 cm)
Accession number 83.DF.23.1—.2
P R O V E N A N C E
Dues de Mortemart, Chateau de SaintVrain, Seine-et-Oise, from the eighteenth
One of a pair
174
One of a pair
175
century, by descent u n t i l 1982; [Maurice
Segoura, Paris, 1982].
175. Pair of Wall Lights
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Paris, circa 1787-1788
Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen,
Sassoon, "Acquisitions 1983," no. 11,
A t t r i b u t e d to Pierre-Fran£ois or
p. 292, illus.; Verlet, Les Bronzes, pp. 336,
pp. 207-208, 211, illus.; "Acquisitions/1983,"
Jean-Pierre Feuchére
378-379, illus. p. 383, fig. 393.
GettyMusJ12
(1984), no. 13, p. 266, illus.;
G i l t bronze
Ottomeyer and Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen,
Height: 2 ft. % i n . (61.6 cm); W i d t h :
p. 290, illus. p. 291.
ι ft. /i6 i n . (32 cm); Depth: 7% i n . (18.5 cm)
9
Accession number 78.DF.90.1-.2
P R O V E N A N C E
J. Bardac, Paris; Paul Dutasta, Paris (sold,
Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, June 4,1926,
lot 105); (?) Rothschild collection, Paris;
[Rosenberg and Stiebel, Inc., N e w York];
purchased by J. Paul Getty, 1953.
F R E N C H
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
GILT
BRONZE:
FIREDOGS
177. Pair of Firedogs
F I R E D O G S
Paris, circa 1735
By Charles Cressent
176. Pair of Firedogs
Paris, circa 1735
G i l t bronze
G i l t bronze
Height: 1 ft. 3% i n . (38.7 cm); W i d t h :
Left: Height: 1 ft. 2V8 i n . (35.9 cm); W i d t h :
ι ft. 2 /8 i n . (36.4 cm); Depth: $Vs i n .
ι ft. 3 i n . (38.1 cm); Depth: 9 /s i n . (24.4 cm);
(20.6 cm)
Right: Height: 1 ft. 4 i n . (32.3 cm); W i d t h :
Accession number 73.DF.63.1—.2
3
5
3
ι ft. 3 4 i n . (38.7 cm); D e p t h : 8 /s i n .
X
7
P R O V E N A N C E
(22.6 cm)
Private collection, Paris; [Didier Aaron,
Accession number 71.DF.114.1—.2
Paris, by 1971]; [French and Co., N e w York,
1972]; purchased by J. Paul Getty.
P R O V E N A N C E
[Duveen Brothers, N e w York]; Anna
E X H I B I T I O N S
T h o m s o n Dodge, Rose Terrace, Grosse
Amsterdams Historisch Museum, Fourth
Pointe Farms, M i c h i g a n (sold, Christie's,
International
L o n d o n , June 24, 1971, l o t 18); purchased
CINOA,
One of a pair
at that sale by J. Paul Getty.
177
Exhibition
Presented by
M a r c h - M a y 1970, no. 237.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Marie-Juliette Ballot, Charles Cressent:
Sculpteur, ébéniste, collectionneur,
Archives
de Vart frangais: Nouvelle période 10 (Paris,
1919), p. 218; W i l s o n , Selections, no. 17,
p. 34, illus.; Ottomeyer and Pröschel,
Vergoldete Bronzen, p. 112.
Firedog .1
176
Firedog . 2
176
lOJ
Ιθ8
F R E N C H
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
F I R E D O G S
178. Pair of Firedogs
Paris, circa 1775
A t t r i b u t e d to Pierre Gouthiére
G i l t bronze; dark blue enamel panels
Stamped i n various places w i t h either the
letters A, E, or EA.
Height: 1 ft. 3% i n . (40 cm); W i d t h :
ι ft. 3 i n . (38 cm); D e p t h : 5 A i n . (14 cm)
l
Accession number 62.DF.1.1-.2
179
P R O V E N A N C E
(?) Louise-Jeanne de D u r f o r t , <luchesse de
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Mazarin, Paris (sold, Paris, December 10-15,
Verlet et al., Chefi d'oeuvre, p. 130, illus.;
Porcelain: Chinese, early eighteenth century
1781, l o t 285); comtesse de Clermont-
Getty, Collecting, p. 150; Ottomeyer and
Lacquer: French, circa 1750
Tonnerre, Paris (sold, H o t e l D r o u o t , Paris,
Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen, p. 272, illus.
M o u n t s : Paris, circa 1750
180. Inkstand
October 10-13,1900, lot 290); private col­
Hard-paste porcelain, vernis Martin-, gilt-
lection, Paris (sold, H o t e l D r o u o t , Paris,
bronze mounts
February 4, 1909, lot 96); M o r t i m e r L .
Schiff, N e w York (sold by his heir John L .
Height: 8 i n . (20.3 cm); W i d t h : 1 ft. 2 i n .
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
I N K S T A N D S
Schiff, Christie's, L o n d o n , June 22,1938, lot
45); purchased at that sale by J. Paul Getty.
(35.6 cm); D e p t h : 10 Α i n . (26.7 cm)
τ
Accession number 76.Di.12
179. Inkstand and Paperweights
P R O V E N A N C E
Paris, circa 1715
[B. Fabre et Fils, Paris, 1976]; purchased by
G i l t bronze
Inkstand: Height: 4% i n . (10.8 cm); W i d t h :
J. Paul Getty.
ι ft. 2 % i n . (37.2 cm); Depth: πV% i n .
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
(28.2 cm); Paperweights: Height: 2 /s i n .
W i l s o n et al., Mounted
(6.7 cm); W i d t h : 6 A i n . (16.2 cm); Depth:
no. 14, pp. 68-69, illu-S,
5
3
Oriental
Porcelain,
4 λ i n . (11.4 cm)
ι
Accession number 75.DF.6.1-.3
P R O V E N A N C E
[Michel Meyer, Paris]; [Kraemer et Cie,
Paris, 1975]; purchased by J. Paul Getty.
One of a pan
178
180
F R E N C H
GILT
B R O N Z E :
FIGURAL
BRONZES
182. Inkstand
(?) Paris, late nineteenth century
Oak veneered w i t h rosewood; set w i t h hardpaste porcelain plaques; gilt-bronze mounts
One plaque bears an unidentified mark i n
script. Base pasted w i t h paper label printed
181
Palace ofPavlovsk i n Russian, inked w i t h the
inventory number 1004, and overstamped
w i t h a French customs stamp. Another
181. Inkstand
paper label inked w i t h the Duveen inven­
Paris, circa 1810
tory number 29652 and another stenciled
W h i t e marble; gilt bronze; velvet
Height: 3% i n . (8.9 cm); W i d t h : 1 ft. 6 / 2 i n .
(47 cm); D e p t h : 9 V 2 i n . (24.1 cm)
w i t h a French customs stamp. Base painted
Height: 3% i n . (9.8 cm); W i d t h : 11% i n .
Accession number 73.DJ.67
183
L'Etude
1044 i n white and Uh.6$22 i n blue.
G I L T
B R O N Z E :
(28.6 cm); Depth: 7% i n . (18.4 cm)
Accession number 7 1 . D H . 9 7
P R O V E N A N C E
Adolphe L i o n , Paris, 1929; M r s . Benjamin
P R O V E N A N C E
Stern, N e w York (sold, American A r t
Association, N e w York, A p r i l 4-7,1934,
lot 848); [Frederick Victoria, Inc., N e w
York]; [Mallett and Son, L t d . , London,
1973]; purchased by J. Paul Getty.
Russian Imperial Collections, Palace o f
F I G U R A L
B R O N Z E S
183. Pair of Figures, L'Etude and
La Philosophie
Pavlovsk (near St. Petersburg), u n t i l the
Paris, circa 1780-1785
early twentieth century; [Duveen Brothers,
A t t r i b u t e d to Pierre-Philippe Thomire after
New York]; A n n a T h o m s o n Dodge, Rose
models by Louis-Simon Boizot
Terrace, Grosse Pointe Farms, M i c h i g a n
Patinated and gilt bronze
(sold, Christie's, L o n d o n , June 24,1971, lot
Male Figure: Height: 1 ft. 1 i n . (33 cm);
33); purchased at that sale by J. Paul Getty.
W i d t h : ι ft. 2 i n . (35.7 cm); Depth: 4V8 i n .
(11.7 cm); Female Figure: Height: 1 ft. 1 i n .
E X H I B I T I O N S
(33 cm); W i d t h : 1 ft. i /s i n . (35.2 cm);
7
The D e t r o i t Institute o f Arts, French Taste
in the Eighteenth Century, April-June 1956,
no. 174, illus. p. 50.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Savill, Sevres, v o l . 2, n . 15, p. 860.
182
La Philosophie
183
IO9
HO
F R E N C H
P A I N T E D
B R O N Z E :
F I G U R A L
B R O N Z E S
Depth: 4 /s i n . (11.7 cm)
Height: 9 i n . (22.8 cm); Diameter: 6 i n .
Accession number 88.SB.113.1-.2
(15.2 cm)
5
Accession number 88.DH.127.1-.2
185. Fountain
P R O V E N A N C E
Paris, 1661-1663, w i t h English alterations o f
Private collection, Chateau de la Chesaie,
P R O V E N A N C E
Eaubonne (sold, Sotheby's, Monaco,
Marquise de Pompadour, Paris, before 1752;
February 5,1978, lot 20); purchased at that
[Kraemer et Cie, Paris]; private collection,
sale by T h e British Rail Pension Fund.
Paris, purchased circa 1910; [Jean-Luc
century
Silver
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Livre-Journal
de Lazare Duvaux,
Marchand-
M a r k e d o n body w i t h the maker's stamp
Bijoutier ordinaire du Roy, 1/48-1758, Louis
o f J.L.R. flanking a scepter and the device
Courajod, ed. (Paris, 1873), vol. 2, p. 135,
o f a laurel wreath and two grains below a
no. 1213; "Acquisitions/1988,"
fleur-de-lys; a crowned R (the warden's
GettyMusJij
PAINTED BRONZE!
(1989), no. 72, p. 142, illus.; Handbook 1991,
FIGURAL
p. 172, illus. (one).
BRONZES
Jean I V Le Roy, probably altered i n L o n d o n
Garden, and again later i n the eighteenth
Chalmin, Paris, 1988].
no. 78, p. 144, illus.
1695, 1758, and circa 1762
i n 1695 by Ralph Leeke, i n 1758 by Phillips
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
"Acquisitions/1988," GettyMusJ 17 (1989),
SILVER
mark used between December 30,1661,
and January 26,1663). Scratched w i t h the
weights 34814 (partially obliterated) and
184. Pair of Decorative Bronzes
363 13 under base. Engraved w i t h the arms
Paris; silver, 1738-1750; bronzes, 1745-1749
o f Curzon and Colyear o n central cartouche.
The lacquer painting o f the figures is
Height: 2 ft. i /s i n . (65.2 cm); W i d t h :
attributed to Etienne-Simon M a r t i n and
ι ft. 2V8 i n . (35.9 cm); D e p t h : 1 ft. 2% i n .
5
Guillaume M a r t i n
(36.2 cm)
Painted bronze; silver
Accession number 82.DG.17
The base o f each bronze is stamped w i t h
P R O V E N A N C E
the crowned Cfor 1745-1749. Each silver
I n England by 1694, when probably adapted
element is marked w i t h a crowned F(the
from a lidded one-handled vase w i t h a spout
wardens mark used between October 4,
m o u n t e d higher, and when a matching
1738, and October 12,1739); a fox's head
fountain and two basins were made by Ralph
(the Paris discharge mark for small works
Leeke; Sir Nathaniel Curzon, ist Baron
i n silver and gold used between October 4,
Scarsdale (born 1726, married Caroline
1738, and October 12,1744); and a helmet
Colyear 1750, died 1804), Kedleston H a l l ,
w i t h open visor (the Paris discharge mark
Derbyshire, by 1750; Earls o f Scarsdale,
for works i n gold and small works i n o l d
Kedleston H a l l , by descent (offered for sale,
silver used between October 13,1744, and
Christie's, L o n d o n , July 16,1930, lot 42,
October 9, 1750). The silver also bears an
bought i n ; offered for sale, Christie's,
obliterated mark w h i c h m i g h t be a charge
or maker's mark.
One
of
a pair
184
F R E N C H
S I L V E R
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Jacques Helft, French Master Goldsmiths and
Silversmiths (New York, 1966), pp. 6 0 - 6 1 ,
illus.; W i l s o n , Selections, no. 2, pp. 4-5,
illus.; Gillian Wilson, "The Kedleston Foun­
tain: Its Development from a SeventeenthCentury Vase," GettyMusJ 11 (1983), pp. 1-12,
figs. 1-4, 6-7, 9,11,16-17.
186. Pair of Tureens, Liners, and Stands
Paris, 1726-1729
One of a pair
186
By Thomas Germain, w i t h arms added i n
1764 by his son Francois-Thomas Germain
Silver
Marked variously o n tureens, liners, and
stands w i t h a crowned AT (the warden's mark
used between August 13,1726, and August
13,1727); a crowned Μ (the warden's mark
used between August 12,1728, and August
26, 1729); a crowned A overlaid w i t h crossed
ι8
5
Z's (the charge mark used between M a y 6,
and .48^3^2^;
stands engraved w i t h the
weights -48^2^
and -48^^
B°
t n
stands,
one w i t h the added date 1764, engraved
FAIT. PARF. T.GERMAIN.
OYAUX
ORF.SCULP.DU.R
GALLERIES.DULOUVRE.
APARIS.
T h e coat o f arms o f the Mello e Castro
family engraved o n stands and applied on
tureens.
1722, and September 3,1727, under the fer-
Tureens: Height: 6 A i n . (17.4 cm); W i d t h :
L o n d o n , November 7,1945, bought i n ) ;
mier Charles Cordier); a crowned A o n its
ι ft. 6Yz i n . (47 cm); Depth: 10 i n . (25.4 cm);
[Jacques Helft, Paris, 1940s]; A r t u r o Lopez-
side (the charge mark used between
Stands: Height: i Ae i n . (3.7 cm); W i d t h :
Willshaw, Paris, late 1940s; Patricia Lopez-
September 3,1727, and December 22,1732,
ι ft. 10V16 i n . (57 cm); Depth: 1 ft. 4 i n .
Willshaw (widow o f A r t u r o Lopez-Willshaw),
under the fermier Jacques Cottin); (?) a
(40.6 cm)
Paris (offered for sale, Sotheby's, Monaco,
chancellor's mace (the discharge mark used
Accession number 82.DG.12.1-.2
June 23, 1976, l o t 48, bought i n ) .
between September 3,1727, and December
22,1732); an artichoke mark (for o l d works
E X H I B I T I O N S
Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Louis XIV:
Faste et decors, M a y - O c t o b e r i960, no. 378,
pi. 58.
i n silver to which new parts have been
added, used between November 22,1762,
and December 23,1768); and w i t h three
obliterated marks, probably o f Thomas
Germain. One tureen, stand, and liner
engraved N 1,
0m
the others N '2\
0
tureens
engraved w i t h the weights .^<?^j ^2^
ö
7
7
P R O V E N A N C E
(?) Jacques-Samuel Bernard (1686-1753),
comte de Coubert, i n the salle a manger o f
his hotel, 46 rue d u Bac, Paris [information:
B. Pons]; altered by Fran9ois-Thomas
Germain i n 1764 for D . M a r t i n h o de Mello
e Castro, C o u n t o f Galveias, the Portuguese
ambassador i n L o n d o n (1755) and i n Paris
I I I
112
FRENCH SILVER
used i n Paris exclusively from M a y 10, 1838).
from 1760-1761 (temporarily residing i n the
pp. 126-153; Leonor d'Orey, The Silver
hotel Jacques-Samuel Bernard i n the rue d u
Service of the Portuguese Crown (Lisbon,
Bowl engraved w i t h the coat o f arms o f the
Bac), and later Secretary o f State to K i n g
1991), pp. 24-25, illus. p. 25.
M o u l i n e t family, probably i n the nineteenth
Jose I and subsequently to Queen Maria I ,
century.
listed i n the September 14, 1796, inventory
Height: 4% i n . (10.8 cm); W i d t h : 11 4 i n .
3
o f his possessions (taken after his death) w i t h
(29.9 cm); D e p t h : yVs i n . (18.7 cm)
their lids decorated w i t h artichokes, cauli­
Accession number 7 i . D G . 7 7 . a - . b
flowers, birds, shells, and shrimp (these lids
PROVENANCE
were probably lost at the beginning o f the
M o u l i n e t family, Ile-de-France; M . Marquis,
nineteenth century); Mello e Castro de V i l -
Paris (sold, H o t e l D r o u o t , Paris, February
hena family, Portugal and Paris, by descent;
10-18, 1890, lot n o [?]); D a v i d David-Weill,
(sold, Christies, Geneva, November 11, 1975,
Paris (sold, Palais Galliera, Paris, Novem­
lot 230); Jean Rossignol, Geneva, 1975.
ber 24, 1971, lot 17); purchased at that sale
by J. Paul Getty.
EXHIBITIONS
Lisbon, Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga,
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Exposicao de arte francesa, May-June 1934,
187
nos. 230-231; Paris, Musee des Arts Decoratifs, Les Tresors de I'orfevrerie
eme
siecle en
France (Paris, 1951), no. 192, p. n o , illus.
du Portugal,
November 1954-January 1955, no. 453.
Emile Dacier, LArt au XVIII
187. Lidded
Ecuelle
Paris, 1727
BIBLIOGRAPHY
By Claude-Gabriel Dardet
Daniel Alcouffe, Louis XV: Un Moment de
Silver-gilt
perfection de Vanfrancais"
H o t e l de la
Marked on bowl w i t h the maker's stamp
Monnaie, Paris, 1974, no. 484, p. 358;
o f C.G.D., a dart, and two grains below a
Thomas Milnes-Gaskell, "Thomas Ger­
crowned fleur-de-lys; a crowned L (the war­
main," Christies Review of the Season
den's mark used between August 13,1727,
(London and N e w York, 1976), pp. 219-221,
and August 12, 1728); a crowned A (the
illus.; W i l s o n , "Acquisitions 1982," no. 3,
charge mark used between September 3,
pp. 24-28, illus.; W i l s o n , Selections, no. 11,
1727, and December 22,1732, under the
pp. 22-23, illus.; A r m i n B. Allen, An
fermier Jacques C o t t i n ) ; a fleur-de-lys
Exhibition
of Ornamental Drawings (New
w i t h i n a pomegranate (the discharge mark
York, 1982), no. 53, illus.; Handbook 1986, p.
used on large silver objects between Septem­
157, illus. (one); Bruno Pons, " H o t e l
ber 3,1727, and December 22, 1732); an
Jacques-Samuel Bernard," Le Faubourg
unidentified flower, possibly a lily o f the
Saint-Germain:
valley (a discharge mark used to indicate a
la rue du Bac, Etudes offertes
a Colette Lamy-Lassalle (Paris, 1990),
m i n i m u m standard o f silver between 1727
and 1732); and a boar's head (the "restricted
warranty" o f .800 m i n i m u m silver standard
188. Lidded Bowl and Stand
Lacquer: Japanese, early eighteenth century
Mounts: Paris, circa 1727-1738
W o o d lacquered w i t h red and brown
pigments; gold powder; silver-gilt mounts
L i d , bowl, and stand mounts variously
marked w i t h the unidentified maker's stamp
P.L.R. w i t h a crescent, two grains, and a
fleur-de-lys; a crowned bell (the Paris
countermark used between September 3,
1727, and December 22, 1732, under the
fermier Jacques C o t t i n ) ; a crowned S (the
warden's mark used between September 18,
1734, and September 23, 1735); and an
unidentified mark.
FRENCH SILVER
189. Pair of Sugar Castors
P R O V E N A N C E
Paris, 1743
Ε J. E. Horstmann (sold, Frederik Müller,
By Simon Gallien
Amsterdam, November 19-21,1919, lot 178);
Silver
Jean-Louis Bonnefoy, Paris; Sir Robert Abdy,
Each castor is marked w i t h the maker's
Bt., N e w t o n Ferrers, Cornwall; by descent to
stamp o f S.G., a sun and two grains below a
Sir Valentine Abdy; [S. J. Phillip^ London].
crowned fleur-de-lys; a crowned C (the war­
den's mark used between M a y 30,1743, and
July 6,1744); a crowned A (the charge mark
used between October 4,1738, and Octo­
188
ber 13,1744, under the fermierLouis
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
"Acquisitions/1984," GettyMusJ'13 (1985),
no. 53, p. 178, illus.
Robin);
a fox's head (the discharge mark used o n
Overall Height: $Vi6 i n . (14.1 cm); Bowl:
small silver objects between October 4,1738,
Height: 5M6 i n . (13.2 cm); W i d t h : yVs i n .
and October 13,1744); a salmon's head (the
(18.7 c m ) ; D e p t h : 5 /s i n . (13.6 cm); Stand:
discharge mark used o n small silver objects
Height: Vs i n . (2.3 cm); Diameter: yVi6 i n .
between October 13,1744, and October 10,
(18.2 cm)
1750, under the fermier Antonie Leschaudel);
Accession number 84.DH.74.1.2a— .2b
a fly (the countermark used between Octo­
3
ber 13,1744, and October 10,1750, under
P R O V E N A N C E
Hans Backer, L o n d o n ; M a r t i n N o r t o n ,
London.
the fermier Antoine Leschaudel); a laurel
leaf (the countermark used between Octo­
ber 13,1756, and November 22,1762, under
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
the fermier'Eloy Brichard); an open right
Nieda, "Acquisitions 1984," no. 2, pp. 72-76,
hand (the countermark used between
illus.; "Acquisitions/1984,"
November 22,1762, and December 23,1768,
(1985), no. 52, p. 177, illus.
GettyMusJi^
under the fermier Jean-Jacques Prévost); an
TV inscribed i n an oval (the D u t c h date letter
for 1822 for works i n precious metal); and
an ax (a D u t c h standard mark used since
1852 for old silver objects returned to circu­
lation). The base o f castor .1 is inscribed
409\ the base o f castor .2 is inscribed 409A.
Castor .1: Height: 10%. i n . (26 cm);
Diameter: 4% i n . (11.5 cm); Castor .2:
Height: ιοΥχ i n . (26.6 cm); Diameter:
4 /8
5
i n . (11.7 cm)
Accession number 84.DG.744.1-.2
One of a pair
189
113
114
F R E N C H
S I L V E R
Π90. Pair of Lidded Tureens, Liners,
and Stands
Paris, 1744-1750
By Thomas Germain
Silver
Marked variously o n the tureens, liners,
lids, and stands w i t h a crowned D (the war­
dens mark used between July 6,1744, and
November 27,1745); a crowned / (the war­
den's mark used between July 18,1749, and
July 15,1750); a crowned
(the warden's
mark used between July 15, 1750, and
January 22,1751); an indistinct mark, pos­
sibly a crowned A (the charge mark used
between October 4,1738, and October 13,
1744, under the firmier Louis Robin); a
crowned A (the charge mark used between
October 13, 1744, and October 10,1750,
190
under the firmier A n t o i n e Leschaudel);
a hen's head (the discharge mark used o n
small silver objects between October 10,
Tureens: Height: 11 MO i n . (30 cm); W i d t h :
A p r i l 27,1976, lot 446); private collection,
1750, and October 13, 1756, under the
ι ft. i 4 in. (34.9 cm); Depth: 11 V% i n .
Geneva, 1976.
firmier Julien Berthe); a boar's head (the
(28.2 cm); Stands: Height: i /s i n . (4.2 cm);
discharge mark used o n large silver objects
W i d t h : ι ft. 6V16 i n . (46.2 cm); Depth:
between October 10, 1750, and October 13,
ι ft. 6V16 in. (47.2 cm)
1756); and a laurel leaf (the countermark
Accession number 82.DG.13.1-.2
3
5
used between October 13, 1756, and
November 22,1762, under the firmier Eloy
Brichard); and several obliterated marks.
(?) Archbishop D o m Gaspar de Bragan$a
(1716-1789, archbishop o f Braga 1757),
w i t h DUN
Braga, Portugal; Robert John Smith, 2nd
3; the other w i t h DUN
0
4.
Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Les Tresors
de Torfevrerie du Portugal, November 1954January 1955, no. 455, illus.
P R O V E N A N C E
One tureen, liner, l i d , and stand engraved
0
E X H I B I T I O N S
Stands scratched w i t h various dealers'
L o r d Carrington (succeeded to the title i n
marks o f twentieth-century date. Originally
1838), England; [S.J. Phillips, L o n d o n ,
engraved w i t h an archbishop's coat o f arms
1920s or 1930s]; M r . and Mrs. Meyer
surrounded by the collar and cross o f the
Sassoon, Pope's Manor, Berkshire, by the
Order o f Christ, now partly erased and
1930s; [S.J. Phillips, London]; [Jacques
replaced w i t h the arms o f Robert John
Helft, Paris]; José and Vera Espirito Santo,
Smith, 2nd L o r d Carrington.
Paris, by 1954 (sold, Christie's, Geneva,
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Thomas Milnes-Gaskell, "Thomas Ger­
m a i n , " Christies Review of the Season 197$
( L o n d o n and N e w York, 1976), pp. 219-221,
illus.; W i l s o n , "Acquisitions 1982," no. 7,
pp. 39-45, illus.; Storia degli Argenti,
Kirsten Aschengreen-Piacenti, ed. (Novara,
1987), p. 129, illus.; Handbook 1991, p. 173,
illus. (one).
F R E N C H
S I L V E R
P R O V E N A N C E
Marquis de Menars; (?) Junius Spencer
Morgan, N e w York; [Puiforcat, Paris, by
1926, and through 1938]; D a v i d David-Weill,
Paris (sold, Palais Galliera, Paris, N o v e m ­
ber 24,1971, lot 24); purchased at that sale
by J. Paul Getty.
E X H I B I T I O N S
Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Exposition
d'orfevrerie frangaise civile du XVT Steele au
e
191
debut du XIX , A p r i l - M a y 1926, no. 91;
e
192
London, 25 Park Lane, Three French Reigns,
191. Tray
February-April 1933, no. 388; N e w York,
leaves (the charge mark used between
Paris, 1750
The Metropolitan Museum o f A r t , French
November 22,1762, and December 23,1768,
By Frari9ois-Thomas Germain
Domestic Silver, May-September 1938,
under the firmier Jean-Jacques Prévost);
Silver
no. 149, p i . 85.
crossed laurel branches (the charge mark
M a r k e d underneath w i t h the maker's stamp
o f F.T.G., a lamb's fleece, two grains, and a
crowned fleur-de-lys; a crowned A^(the war­
used on small silver objects between Novem­
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
S. Brauk and Y. Bottineau,
frangaise du XVIII
e
den's mark used between July 15,1750, and
January 22,1751); a crowned A w i t h palm
and laurel branches (the charge mark used
between October 10, 1750, and October 13,
1756, under the firmier Julien Berthe); a
boar's head (the "restricted warranty" o f
.800 m i n i m u m silver standard used i n Paris
L'Orfevrerie
Steele (Paris, 1959), p. 186,
pi. 17; Faith Dennis, Three Centuries of
French Domestic Silver: Its Makers and Its
Marks (New York, i 9 6 0 ) , v o l . 1, p. 116,
fig. 149; H e n r y N o c q , Le Poingon de Paris
(Paris, 1968), v o l . 2, p. 243, illus. opposite
p. 244.
ber 22,1762, and December 23,1768, under
the firmier Jean-Jacques Prévost); a pointer's
head (the discharge mark used on small sil­
ver objects between November 22,1762, and
December 23, 1768); a hunting horn (the
countermark used between December 23,
1768, and September 1,1775, under the
firmier Julien Alaterre); a man's slipper (the
countermark used between September 1,
exclusively f r o m M a y 10,1838); and a swan
1775, and A p r i l 7,1781, under the firmier
i n an oval (the standard mark for silver o f
Jean-Bap tiste Fouache); a boar's head (the
u n k n o w n o r i g i n that is sold at auction as
192. Sauceboat on Stand
"restricted warranty" o f .800 m i n i m u m sil­
used by contracting countries between July 1,
Paris, 1762
ver standard used i n Paris exclusively from
1893, and 1970). Engraved i n the center w i t h
By Jean-Baptiste-Francois Cheret
M a y 10,1838); and a swan i n an oval (the
the arms o f the marquis de Menars.
Silver; silver-gilt
standard mark for silver o f u n k n o w n origin
Height: iVs i n . (3.8 c m ) ; W i d t h : SVs i n .
Sauceboat and stand marked w i t h maker's
that is sold at auction as used by contracting
(21.9 cm); D e p t h : y /s i n . (20 cm)
stamp o f J . B.C.-, a key and two grains below
countries between July 1,1893, and 1970).
a crowned fleur-de-lys; a crowned Γ (the
A coat o f arms has probably been burnished
warden's mark used between July 21,1762,
off the cartouche o n the sauceboat.
7
Accession number 71.DG.78
and July 13,1763); a crowned A w i t h laurel
115
Il6
F R E N C H
SILVER
Cumberland and Brunswick-Lüneburg,
Height: 4% i n . (12.1 cm;); W i d t h : 5 /s i n .
5
(14.3 cm); Depth: 7% i n . (19.8 cm)
K i n g o f Hanover, 1837; (?) Ernst Augustus,
Accession number 71.DG.76.1—.2
D u k e o f Cumberland and BrunswickLüneburg, 1851 (sold after his death, circa
P R O V E N A N C E
1924); Cartier, L t d . , L o n d o n , by 1926; Louis
Dukes o f Buckingham and Chandos, L o n ­
Cartier, Paris, by the 1960s; Claude Cartier,
don (sold 1903); J. H . Fitzhenry, L o n d o n
Paris, 1970s (sold, Sotheby's, Monaco,
(sold, Christie's, L o n d o n , November 20,
November 25-27,1979, lot 824, w i t h
1913, lot 214); [Gaston Bensimon, Paris];
another pair o f matching candelabra);
D a v i d David-Weill, Paris (sold, Palais
Veronique Cartier, Paris, 1979.
Galliera, Paris, November 24,1971, lot 14);
purchased at that sale by J. Paul Getty.
E X H I B I T I O N S
Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs,
E X H I B I T I O N S
Exposition
d'orfevrerie frangaise civile du XV siecle au
e
Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Exposition
debut du XIX , A p r i l - M a y 1926, no. 144,
e
d'orftvrerie frangaise civile du XV siecle au
e
o n loan f r o m Cartier, L t d . , L o n d o n ; Paris,
debut du XIX , A p r i l - M a y 1926, no. 108, on
e
Galerie Mellerio, LOrfevrerie
loan from D a v i d David-Weill.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Storia degli Argenti, Kirsten AschengreenPiacenti, ed. (Novara, 1987), p. 128, illus.
et le bijou
d'autrefois, 1935, no. 70.
One of a pair
193
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Faith Dennis, Three Centuries of French
and June 4,1783, under the
fermier'Henry
Domestic Silver: Its Makers and Its Marks
Clavel); a j u g (the discharge mark used on
(New York, i 9 6 0 ) , v o l . 1, no. 20, p. 45, illus.
works destined for export between A p r i l 7,
vol. 2, p. 31; Claude Frégnac et al., Les
1781, and June 4,1783); an ant i n a rectangle
Grands orfevres de Louis XIII
Paris, 1779-1782
(the mark o f .800 m i n i m u m standard for
(Collection Connaissance des arts, Paris,
1 9 3 . Pair of Candelabra
a Charles X
By Robert-Joseph Auguste
works imported into France from contract­
1965), pp. 240-241, fig. 2; Jacques Helft,
Silver
ing countries as used since July 1,1893); and
French Master Goldsmiths and
Marked variously w i t h maker's stamp o f
the letter G (of u n k n o w n meaning). Each
(New York, 1966), p. 240, fig. 2; Serge
R.J. A. w i t h a palm branch and two grains,
base engraved w i t h the monogram GR III
Grandjean et al., Cinq années
below a crowned fleur-de-lys; a crowned Ρ
under a crown.
ment du patrimoine
Silversmiths
d'enrichisse-
national1975-1980,
(the warden's mark used between July 18,
Height: 1 ft. ioV% i n . (56.1 cm); W i d t h :
Grand Palais, Paris, November 1980-March
1778, and July 21,1781); a crowned S (the
ι ft. 3/8 i n . (38.5 cm) Depth: 1 ft. 2 /s i n .
1981, no. 109, pp. 128-129; "Acquisitions/
wardens mark used between August 1,1781,
(36.5 cm)
1984," GettyMusJi?,
and July 13,1782); the letters P.A.R.I.S. (the
Accession number 84.DG.42.1—.2
illus. (one); Jonathan Bourne and Vanessa
3
Brett, Lighting in the Domestic Lnterior:
charge mark used between September 1,
1775, and A p r i l 7,1781, under the fermier
Jean-Baptiste Fouache); crossed Z's (the
charge mark used between A p r i l 7, 1781,
(1985), no. 63, p. 182,
P R O V E N A N C E
From a service made for George I I I o f
England; (?) Ernst Augustus, Duke o f
Renaissance to Art Nouveau (London, 1991),
illus. p. 108, fig. 344.
F R E N C H
E N A M E L S
E N A M E L S
195. Prudence Commesso Hat Badge
(enseigne)
1550-1560
Gold; white, blue, red, and black enamel;
chalcedony; and a table-cut diamond
Height: 2% i n . (5.7 cm)
Accession number 85.SE.238
P R O V E N A N C E
Baronne James de Rothschild, Paris, 1866;
Thomas Ε Flannery, Jr., Winnetka, Illinois
(sold, Sotheby's, L o n d o n , December 1, 1983,
lot 288); [David, Inc., Vaduz].
194
Back view
194
E X H I B I T I O N S
G O L D :
J E W E L R Y
Loyola University o f Chicago, The Art of
E X H I B I T I O N S
New York, A La Vieille Russie, The Art of
194. Hercules Pendant
Paris, circa 1540
Gold; white, blue, and black enamel; and
a baroque pearl
Height: 2 /s i n . (6 cm); W i d t h : 2V8 i n .
3
(5.4 cm)
Accession number 85.SE.237
the Goldsmith and the Jeweller, Novem­
ber 6-23,1968, no. 8, p. 15.
Jewelry, 1450-1600,1975, no. 9; T h e Fine Arts
Museums o f San Francisco, The Triumph
of Humanism:
Three Phases of Renaissance
Decorative Arts 1450-1600, October 1977January 1978, no. 99.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Yvonne Hackenbroch, "Bijoux de FEcole
de Fontainebleau," Actes du Colloque Inter­
nationalsur
I Art de Fontainebleau
(Paris,
1975), p. 71, figs. 1-2; Yvonne Hackenbroch,
P R O V E N A N C E
Renaissance Jewellery (London, 1979),
Baron Alphonse de Rothschild, Vienna;
dust jacket illus. and p i . 7, nos. 140A-B,
Baron Nathaniel de Rothschild, Vienna;
pp. 63-64; Christies Review of the Season
C. R u x t o n Love, N e w York (sold, Christie's,
1984 (Oxford, 1985), p. 338; Souren
Geneva, November 13, 1984, lot 45); [David,
Melikian, Art and Auction 7 (January 1985),
Inc., Vaduz].
p. 144; "La Cote d u M o i s , " L'Estampille 177
(January 1985), p. 67;"Acquisitions/i985,"
GettyMusJ 14 (19S6),no. 216, pp. 252-253,
illus.; Handbook1991,
p. 204, illus.
195
11J
Il8
F R E N C H
E N A M E L S
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Edouard Liévre, Les Collections célebres
d'oeuvres d'art (Paris, 1866), p i . 49; D o n a l d Ε
Rowe, "The A r t o f Jewellery, 1540-1650,"
Connoisseur188 (April 1975), p. 293, p i . 4;
Yvonne Hackenbroch, Renaissance Jewellery
(London, 1979), pp. 90-92, p i . 8, fig. 236;
Art at Auction: the Year at Sotheby's 1983-1984
(London, 1984), p. 202; "Acquisitions/1985,"
GettyMusJ 14 (1986), no. 217, p. 253, illus.
196. Twelve Plaques with Scenes from the
Passion of Christ
Limoges, 1530s
By Jean I I Pénicaud
Polychrome enamel o n copper w i t h gold
highlights
Each stamped o n back under clear counterenamel w i t h a Ρ surmounted by a crown
(Pénicaud workshop stamp). Also inscribed
SANCT. PETR.
o n Saint Peters robe i n The
Entry into Jerusalem plaque and IOSEP
.
DABAR o n robe o f Joseph i n The Entomb­
ment plaque.
Height (each plaque): approx. 3%) i n .
196
(9.4 cm); W i d t h : approx. 2% i n . (7.3 cm)
Accession number 88.SE.4.1-.12
P R O V E N A N C E
Alessandro Castellani, Rome (sold, H o t e l
"The Passion o f Christ: Twelve Enamel
E X H I B I T I O N S
Lille, Exposition retrospective de l'art frangais
Plaques i n the J. Paul Getty Museum,"
au Trocadéro, 1889, no. 1037.
GettyMusJ 18 (1990), pp. 127-140.
D r o u o t , Paris, M a y 12-16," 1884, l o t 472);
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Mante collection, Paris, 1884; by descent to
Hippolyte Mireur, Dictionnaire des ventes
Robert Mante, Paris, u n t i l 1986; [Same A r t ,
d'art faites en France et ä Vétranger. . . (Paris,
Ltd., Zurich].
1901-1912; rpr. Hildesheim, 1971), p. 522;
"Acquisitions/1988," GettyMusJYj
(1989),
no. 89, pp. 148-150, illus.; Peggy Fogelman,
Fly UP