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157 SECTION 7 PLUMBING

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157 SECTION 7 PLUMBING
SECTION 7 - PLUMBING
FRESH WATER SYSTEM
The Fresh Water System provides water to the
galley sink, shower, bathroom lavatory, toilet,
and water heater. Water may be supplied by
either of two sources:
• A fresh water tank and water pump located
within the motorhome, or
• Any external fresh water source to which the
motorhome may be connected, known as “city
water”.
Because city water pressure varies from
location to location, we recommend obtaining an
in-line water pressure regulator to prevent
damage to any components, connections, and
seals in your fresh water system.
These devices simply connect in-line between
the supply hose and the city water input on the
coach. We recommend regulators that control
water pressure to 50 psi. max.
Water pressure regulators are commonly
available at most RV dealerships and many large
retail discount or home supply centers.
Fresh (City) Water Connection
“Fresh Water Inlet”
(Located in the water service center)
2. Turn the Fresh Water valve to Tank Fill
position.
5 - DASH / AUTO
Water Pressure Regulators
Filling the Fresh Water Tank
Always fill the fresh water tank at an approved
potable water filling facility or a known purified
drinking water source.
The tank is filled through the City Water
Connection (Fresh Water Inlet) located inside the
water service center.
The Fresh Water valve routes the water from
the city water hose to the fresh water tank for
filling.
Fresh Water Valve
(Located in water service center)
3. Turn city water supply ON.
4. Use the level display on the monitor panel to
oversee filling of the tank, or when the tank is
full, water will flow from tank vent tube
beneath coach.
1. Attach hose to the Fresh Water Inlet.
7-1
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
NOTICE
Do not leave fresh water connection
unattended when filling tank. Failure to
comply may result in tank expansion and
property damage.
5. Turn OFF city water supply and disconnect
from the Fresh Water Inlet.
6. Turn Fresh Water valve to Normal position to
use the water pump. The Tank Fill position is
only for pressure filling the water tank from
the city water hose connection.
the tank vent tube onto the ground and
the water pump will run without
delivering water to faucets.
Disconnecting from City Water
1. Turn the city water supply OFF.
2. Open a faucet on the coach (such as the
exterior wash station, if equipped) to relieve
line pressure.
3. Disconnect hose from the coach and replace
the cap on the Fresh Water Inlet.
NOTE: Ensure the Fresh Water valve is in
NORMAL position to use the water
pump. If the valve is in Tank Fill position,
the pump will run continuously without
delivering water.
WATER PUMP
Fresh Water Valve
(Located in water service center)
Using City Water
When connected to an outside source of water,
the water bypasses the water pump and storage
tank and supplies pressure directly to individual
faucets and toilet. A check valve built into the
pump prevents water from entering the pump and
filling the storage tank.
1. Connect hose to Fresh Water Inlet as
described in previous steps.
2. With the Fresh Water valve in the Normal
position, turn the Water Pump switch(es)
OFF.
NOTE: Always keep the Fresh Water valve in
Normal position unless you are filling the
tank. If this valve is left in the Tank Fill
position while using the city water, water
will keep flowing into the tank and out
7-2
When your coach is not connected to a city
water supply, water is supplied from the fresh
water tank by a water system demand pump. A
demand pump is designed to run only when you
are using water. When you open a faucet, the
waterline pressure drops and the pump begins to
run, and it will continue to run as long as the
faucet is open. When you close the faucet, the
line pressure backs up to the pump, and it shuts
itself off.
The pump is self-priming and will run briefly
to build up line pressure when the Water Pump
switch is first turned on. See “Initial Waterline
Priming” for instructions on using the water
system for the first time.
Further Information
Refer to the Water Pump manufacturer’s
operation, care, and maintenance information
provided in your InfoCase.
Water Pump Strainer
The pump is equipped with a cleanable
strainer to capture any possible tank-borne
particles that could damage pump components.
NOTE: We recommend that you check and clean
the strainer after each tankful of water
during the first few uses of the Water
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
Pump system. Thereafter, remember to
check it at least yearly, and be sure to
empty water from it during winterization
procedures.
Unscrew bowl
and remove to
clean strainer
Water Pump Strainer
-Typical View
To Clean Pump Strainer
• Ensure all Water Pump switches are OFF.
• Twist the inlet cap (bowl) “counterclockwise” to unscrew from the strainer
assembly.
• Remove the bowl and pull the strainer screen
out of the bowl to tap out any particles and
rinse clean.
• Insert the strainer screen back into the bowl,
then screw the bowl back onto the strainer
assembly.
slow leak in a faucet could drain the water tank,
fill the holding tank, and discharge the house
batteries.
Initial Waterline Priming
1. Ensure that all water drain valves are closed,
including water heater valve.
2. Turn Water Pump switch to “OFF” position.
3. Fill water tank.
4. Open all faucets, hot and cold.
5. Turn ON the Water Pump switch.
6. Close each faucet as it begins to deliver a
steady stream of water (close cold water first.)
Leave hot water faucets on until they also
deliver a steady stream of water. This will
ensure that the water heater is filled with
water.
7. Check to ensure the Water Pump stops soon
after all faucets have been closed.
8. The Water Pump is now ready for automatic
operation. The pump will start when a faucet
is opened and stop when the faucet is closed.
NOTE: You must also empty the strainer when
winterizing your coach to avoid water
freezing and cracking the filter bowl.
Water Pump Switch
The Water Pump switch is located near the
monitor panel (some models may have an
additional switch in the water service center or
within the bathroom area for your convenience).
While the switch is “ON”, the pump will
automatically supply water as it is needed.
We recommend that you turn the Water Pump
switch off whenever you will be away from the
vehicle or not using the water system. In time, a
Water Pump
(Located in passenger side
compartment behind rear axle)
-Typical installation shown
7-3
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
DISINFECTING YOUR FRESH
WATER SYSTEM
(As required by NFPA®1192 Standard on
Recreational Vehicles)
To ensure complete disinfection of the potable
water system, it is recommended that the
following procedure be followed on a new
system, one that has not been used for a period of
time, or one that could have become
contaminated.
This procedure is also recommended before
long periods of storage, such as over winter.
1. Remove the filter cartridge and pour 1/2 cup
of household chlorine bleach (sodium
hypochlorite solution) for each 30 gallons of
tank capacity into the empty filter canister,
then screw the canister back onto the filter
base.
WARNING
Chlorine is poisonous. Do not misuse.
Recap bottle and clean all utensils after
use.
Disinfecting with City Water Tank
Fill
The fresh water tank must be filled through
the City Water Connection (“Fresh Water Inlet”)
located in the water service center.
This solution will result in a residual chlorine
concentration of approximately 50 ppm in the
water system. (If a 100 ppm concentration is
desired as discussed in Step 3, use 1 cup of
household bleach for each 30 gallons of tank
capacity).
The bleach will be drawn into the tank when
the city water is turned on and the Fresh
Water valve is turned to Tank Fill position.
Fresh (City) Water Connection
“Fresh Water Inlet”
(Located in the water service center)
This procedure requires temporarily
connecting an external cartridge-type water filter
assembly in-line between the city water hose and
the city water fill to add disinfecting solution to
the tank. These filters are commonly available at
most RV supply stores.
NOTE: If you do not have an in-line cartridge
filter, see City Water Hose Disinfection
following this procedure for an alternate
method of adding bleach solution to your
tank.
7-4
Fresh Water Valve
(Located in water service center)
2. Fill the tank completely, then open each faucet
in the coach and run the water until a distinct
odor of chlorine can be detected in the water
discharged. Do not forget the hot water
faucets.
3. Let the system stand at least 4 hours when
disinfecting with 50 ppm residual chlorine. (If
a shorter time period is desired, then a 100
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
4.
5.
6.
7.
ppm chlorine concentration should be
allowed to stand in the system for at least 1
hour).
Drain the fresh water tank.
Install the filter cartridge into the filter
canister, then refill the tank with fresh water.
Open each faucet again and run fresh water to
flush chlorinated water from the lines. Run the
water until there is no odor of chlorine
detected in the water discharged. Do not
forget the hot water faucets.
(You may need to leave a hot water faucet
open for some time to flush the water heater
with clean water. You may also want to turn
the water heater off until this is done to avoid
wasting energy trying to heat “unused”
water).
Water system is now disinfected.
NOTE: An alternate way is to connect a city
water hose to your coach and pour the
bleach into the other end of the hose
using a funnel. Hold the hose upright to
avoid draining the bleach.
Connect the hose to a city water hydrant
to force the bleach into the tank and fill
the tank with water.
This method has the additional benefit of
disinfecting the city water hose at the
same time.
•
activated carbon water purifier at the galley
sink cold waterline or a separate drinking
water faucet with filter (if equipped).
Superchlorination does not affect city water
usage, only the fresh water tank.
SHOWER HOSE VACUUM
BREAKER
After using the shower, you may notice water
dripping from the shower faucet assembly. The
dripping results when vacuum in the shower hose
(after closing the shower faucet) slowly releases
and allows water remaining in the hose to drain
down. This is a normal function of the shower
valve assembly and is not a leak or defect.
If items are placed into the shower tub before
shower valve vacuum release is complete, they
may become wet.
TOILET
The toilet in your motorhome is very similar
to the household type, except that it is designed to
use only a small amount of water per flush. It
uses a high velocity jet of water, producing a
swirl effect, to efficiently cleanse the bowl.
Flush
Add Water
Continuous Tank Disinfection
(Superchlorination)
Some RVers like to ensure continuous
sanitation of their fresh water tank by
“superchlorination”– maintaining an effective
low level of chlorine in the tank at all times.
• Add 1 teaspoon of chlorine bleach (sodium
hypochlorite) to your tank for each 10 gallons
of tank capacity. When you fill the tank, this
will result in a 6.7 ppm level of chlorine,
which should kill harmful bacteria and slimeforming organisms.
• Chlorine may be removed from drinking
water by the cold water filter at the galley
faucet (if equipped) or by installing an
Important “Don’ts”
•
•
Don't use facial tissue or regular toilet tissue in
the RV toilet. These will not disintegrate
sufficiently and will often cling to the sides of
the holding tank. Toilet tissue made
specifically for use in RV toilets and holding
tanks is available at most RV supply centers.
Don’t dispose of sanitary napkins or other
non-dissolving items in the toilet.
7-5
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
•
Don’t put automotive antifreeze or caustic
chemicals, such as laundry bleach or heavy
detergents into the toilet or holding tank.
These products may damage plastic or rubber
parts in the system.
Sewage Drain Outlet/
Dust Cap
Further Information
See the toilet manufacturer’s operation
information in your InfoCase for complete
operating, care and maintenance information.
See winterizing instructions at the end of this
section to prepare the toilet for storage in freezing
conditions.
DRAINAGE SYSTEM (P-TRAPS)
Ensure there is an adequate amount of water in
the drainage system p-traps to avoid sewer odor
from entering your coach.
If you should experience a sewer odor, pour
approximately 1 cup of water down each sink and
shower drain in the coach.
WASTE WATER SYSTEM
(Holding Tanks)
The drainage system is self-contained and
uses two separate holding tanks to contain the
waste water until it can be dumped at an
appropriate waste water disposal site. This means
you can use the toilet, sinks, and shower even in
areas where utility hookups are not available.
The black water holding tank contains the
sewage from the toilet and may include bathroom
lavatory on some models. The gray water holding
tank contains the waste water from the galley
sink and shower, and may include bathroom
lavatory.
See “Specifications” in Section 1 Introduction for tank capacities for your model.
Dumping Holding Tanks
1. Remove sewage drain hose from water
service center.
2. Remove dust cap from sewage drain outlet
and connect sewage drain hose. Be sure it is
firmly attached.
7-6
Gray Waste Tank
Drain Valve
Black Waste
Tank Drain Valve
Holding Tank Drain Valves
(Located in water service center)
-Typical View
Black and Gray Waste Tank Drain Valve positions may
be reversed, depending on floorplan and tank location
NOTE: The sewage drain outlet swivels
downward (on certain models) when
necessary to avoid bends in the sewage
drain hose, which could trap solids while
dumping, or to provide more direct
drainage while using on-site sewer hookups.
3. Place the outlet end of sewage drain hose into
disposal opening.
4. Open the Black Waste Tank Drain Valve with
a quick pull and make sure there are no sags in
the hose. Move the hose gently about to
dislodge any waste and ensure complete
drainage. Close Black Waste Tank Drain
Valve as soon as tank is empty.
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
• 1st - Pull
Black Waste
Tank Drain
Valve to drain
Black Water
(sewage)
Tank, then
close.
• 2nd - Pull Gray
Waste Tank Drain
Valve to drain Gray
Water (sink/shower)
Tank, then close.
-Typical View
NOTE: DO NOT OPEN BOTH VALVES AT
ONCE. Do not open the Gray Waste Tank
Drain Valve until the black tank is
drained and Black Waste Tank Drain
Valve closed to avoid sewage back-up
into gray tank. Gray water also rinses
any black water solids from the sewage
drain hose.
5. Open the Gray Waste Tank Drain Valve. Be
sure there are no sags in the hose to ensure
complete drainage. Close Gray Waste Tank
Drain Valve as soon as tank is empty.
6. Add an odor control chemical to the sewage
holding tank through the toilet. These
chemicals are available at most RV supply
centers.
7. Rinse sewage drain hose thoroughly with
water before stowing.
NOTE: We recommend that you dump all
holding tanks before traveling to avoid
carrying unnecessary weight.
When using a sewer hook-up, keep the dump
valves closed until a tank becomes full or when
preparing to leave the site. This keeps the solids
in suspension, allowing them to be carried out
with the liquids when the dump valve is opened.
If the valve is left open, the liquids will drain off,
leaving solids in the tank. Should this
accidentally happen, disconnect the hose, fill the
tank about half full with water, and drive a few
miles to dislodge the solids. A few starts and
stops will aid in the process. Then reconnect the
hose and drain in the normal manner.
Holding Tank Level Indicators
See “Systems Monitor Panel” in Section 4 Appliances for further information on the
monitor panel and checking tank levels.
See “Specifications” in Section 1 Introduction for tank capacities for your model.
WATERLINE & TANK DRAIN
VALVES
The waterline and tank drain valves are used
to drain water from the water tank and the water
supply lines when preparing the motor home for
storage or when sanitizing the water system.
See the “Water System Drain Valve
Locations” chart at the end of this section for
locations on your model.
DRAIN
DRAIN
CLOSE
CLOSE
LINE-END
VALVE
IN-LINE
VALVE
Waterline Drain Valves
(Typical)
Using On-Site Sewer Hook-Ups
The sewage drain hose may remain attached to
the sewage drain outlet and be routed out the
bottom of the compartment while the motorhome
is parked and connected to an on-site sewage
hook-up.
NOTE: Always keep service access passage
closed while utility connection is not in
use.
7-7
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
WATER HEATER BYPASS AND
ANTIFREEZE SIPHON VALVES
• Waterline
Drain Valve
Your coach is equipped with a Water Heater
Bypass valve and an Antifreeze Siphon
(Winterization) valve for winterizing waterlines
using RV antifreeze.
Turn the handle as shown to either bypass or
flow mode.
Refer to the “Water System Drain Valve
Locations” chart at the end of this section for
locations on your model.
• Water Tank
Drain Valve
Waterline and Water Tank Drain Valves
-Typical installation shown
(See the “Water System Drain Valve Locations” chart
at the end of this section for locations on your model)
Normal
Flow
By-Pass
Mode
CAUTION
Leave bypass valve handle in NORMAL
FLOW position if draining water and
blowing out waterlines. Place in BYPASS
position ONLY when using antifreeze
solution in waterlines.
WINTERIZING PROCEDURE
You can winterize the water and plumbing
system of your coach using one of the following
two methods – 1) Blow out waterlines using
compressed air or – 2) Fill waterlines with RV
water system antifreeze.
7-8
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
Method 1 – Blow Out Procedure
(Drain and purge waterlines using
compressed air)
1. Level the Motorhome. If the coach is not
level, there may be “low points” in waterlines
that can trap water in the lines and prevent it
from draining properly.
2. Drain Fresh Water Tank and Waterlines.
Open all waterline drain valves and drain
fresh water tank (see “Water System Drain
Valve Locations” chart at end of this section
for locations of drain valves on your model).
3. Open Faucets. Turn on the water pump and
open all sink faucets and shower head knobs.
Leave open after water stops flowing.
4. Drain Toilet. Press the toilet flush lever and
hold until water stops flowing in the toilet.
Turn Water Pump switch OFF.
5. Drain Water Heater. Turn OFF the Water
Heater Power switch before draining the
water heater tank to avoid damage to the
heating element. Drain the water heater by
removing the plug from the base of the water
heater tank, accessible from the outside of the
coach (requires socket and ratchet).
Pressure-Temperature Relief Valve
(Lift handle only when water heater is cold)
6. Connect Air Pressure. After water has
stopped draining at all faucets and drain
valves, leave faucets open and connect a
“blow-out” plug to the city water connection
on the coach. Then use a compressed air hose
regulated to 30 psi or less to force air through
the system. A blow-out plug can be purchased
at any Winnebago® or Itasca® dealer.
City Water
Connection
Fresh Water
Inlet
Blow-out
Plug
Air Hose
NOTICE
Limit air pressure to 30 psi to avoid
damage to equipment.
Water Heater Drain Plug
(Remove with socket)
•
Also, open the Pressure-Temperature Relief
valve at the top right portion of the tank to
prevent air locking in the tank while draining.
NOTE: DO NOT burst air into the system. This
can damage the water pump. It is better
to let air in slowly.
7. Let air flow for five minutes until water is
completely drained out of faucets and drain
valves, then close faucets one at a time.
8. Drain Toilet. Operate and hold toilet flush
lever until water is completely drained from
toilet.
7-9
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
9. Turn air pressure off. Disconnect water
purge adapters. Recap the city water inlet to
avoid contamination by dirt or insects.
After Disconnecting Air Pressure
10. Close all waterline and tank drain valves and
all faucets to avoid contamination by dirt,
insects, or rodents.
11. Reinstall the water heater drain plug and close
the Pressure-Temperature Relief valve.
12. Pour about one cup of RV antifreeze down
each drain for the galley sink, lavatory sink,
and shower/tub. This fills the drain trap pipes
to prevent holding tank odors from entering
the coach during storage.
NOTE: It is not necessary to add antifreeze to
the toilet since the flush valve will be
closed.
Do not add automotive antifreeze or
caustic chemicals such as bleach or
laundry detergents into the toilet bowl or
holding tanks. Although these products
may have a deodorizing effect, they may
damage plastic and rubber parts in the
system.
13. Empty the water pump strainer filter bowl to
avoid water freezing and cracking the filter
bowl. See “Water Pump” previously in this
section.
Dump and Clean Holding Tanks
14. Completely drain the sewage and waste water
holding tanks at an approved waste disposal
site. Drain the sewage tank first so the
following waste water can rinse any waste
solids from the dump outlet and sewer hose.
15. Close dump valves and refit the dust cap onto
the drain outlet.
This will inhibit rust formation on valve shafts
and prevent entry and contamination by
airborne debris, insects, and rodents.
Your drainage and fresh water systems are now
winterized.
See instructions for removal from storage in
Section 11 - Maintenance and Storage.
7-10
Method 2 – Antifreeze Fill
Procedure
(Fill plumbing lines with RV water system
antifreeze)
NOTE: As an alternative to totally draining the
plumbing system, you may winterize
tanks and lines by pumping non-toxic RV
antifreeze through the system.
This product is available from your
dealer and from most RV supply stores.
Follow directions on the container to
determine the correct amount to use for
your coach.
Your coach is equipped with a manually
operated waterline winterization system for your
convenience in winterizing fresh waterlines.
The system features a Winterization (diverter)
valve with an antifreeze siphon tube to draw nontoxic RV water system antifreeze into the
waterlines. There is also a Water Heater Bypass
valve to avoid filling the water heater with
antifreeze. See the “Water System Drain Valve
Locations” chart at the end of this section for
location on your model.
Leave the Water Heater Bypass valve handle
in NORMAL FLOW position if draining water
and blowing out waterlines. Place in BYPASS
position ONLY when using antifreeze in
waterlines.
WARNING
Never use automotive antifreeze/coolant
in your RV water system. Auto antifreeze
contains ethylene glycol which, if
ingested, can cause blindness and can
be fatal.
Set Up Winterization Valves
1. Turn Water Heater Bypass valve to BYPASS
position. (See “Water System Drain Valve
Locations” chart at the end of this section for
location of bypass valve on your model).
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
NOTE: Ensure that all drain valves are
CLOSED before pumping RV antifreeze
into the water system.
Refer to the “Water System Drain Valve
Locations” chart at the end of this
section for valve locations on your
model.
Water Heater Bypass Valve
-Typical View
(See “Water System Drain Valve Locations” chart at
the end of this section for location on your model)
2. Remove and save the protective cap from the
end of the antifreeze siphon tube (save cap to
cover tube after use).
3. Insert the end of the antifreeze siphon tube
into a pail or other container with 2 to 3
gallons of non-toxic RV antifreeze solution.
4. Turn the Winterization valve handle so that it
points toward the antifreeze siphon tube. (See
“Water System Drain Valve Locations” chart
at the end of this section for location on your
model).
Antifreeze
Siphon Tube
• Insert into
container of
RV water
system
antifreeze
Winterization
Valve
• Point toward
antifreeze
siphon tube to
winterize
Fill Lines
5. Turn the Water Pump switch ON.
6. Open each hot and cold water faucet handle in
the coach - one at a time, until antifreeze
solution just begins to flow from the faucet,
then close.
7. Press the toilet flush lever and hold until
antifreeze begins flowing into the toilet.
Leave small amount of antifreeze that remains
in the bowl.
When Done Adding RV Antifreeze
8. Turn the Water Pump switch OFF.
9. Turn the Winterization valve so it points
toward the waterline to the water pump.
This will stop the flow from the antifreeze
siphon tube and revert the tank line flow to the
water pump.
10. Replace the protective cap onto the end of the
antifreeze siphon tube to keep out insects and
debris when not in use.
Drain Water Heater
11. Turn OFF the Water Heater power switch
before draining the water heater tank to avoid
damage to the heating element.
12. Drain the water heater by removing the plug
from the base of the water heater tank,
accessible from the outside of the coach
(requires socket and ratchet).
RV Antifreeze Siphon Tube
and Winterization Valve
-Typical View
(See “Water System Drain Valve Locations” chart at
the end of this section for location on your model)
7-11
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
16. Close dump valves and refit the dust cap onto
the drain outlet. This will inhibit rust
formation on valve shafts and prevent entry
and contamination by airborne debris, insects,
and rodents.
Your drainage and fresh water systems are now
winterized.
See instructions for removal from storage in
Section 11 - Maintenance and Storage.
Water Heater Drain Plug
(Remove with socket)
•
Also, open the Pressure-Temperature Relief
valve at the top right portion of the tank to
prevent air locking in the tank while draining.
Pressure-Temperature Relief Valve
(Lift handle only when water heater is cold)
13. Reinstall the water heater drain plug and close
the P-T Relief valve when drained.
Fill Drainage System P-Traps
14. Pour about one cup of RV antifreeze down
each drain for the galley sink, lavatory sink,
and shower/tub. This fills the drain trap pipes
to prevent holding tank odors from entering
the coach during storage.
Dump and Clean Holding Tanks
15. Completely drain the sewage and waste water
holding tanks at an approved waste disposal
site. Drain the sewage tank first so the
following waste water can rinse any waste
solids from the dump outlet and sewage drain
hose.
7-12
SECTION 7 PLUMBING
WATER SYSTEM DRAIN VALVE LOCATIONS
Model
System
Drain Valve Locations
Model 26HE
Waterlines
•
Two (2) in-line drain valves located behind the service
panel in the water service center and one (1) valve
located in passenger side compartment behind rear
axle).
Also, place the tip of your finger inside the city water
connection and gently press the backflow valve (small
“button” in center of connector) to drain any water left
in the city waterline.
Water Tank
•
Drain valve in passenger side compartment behind rear
axle.
Water Heater
•
Drain plug on outside of coach behind service door.
Use socket to remove drain plug.
Water Heater
Bypass Valve
•
One (1) valve inside galley cabinet. Open door under
galley sink to access.
Winterization
(Antifreeze)
Valve
•
One (1) valve and siphon tube located in passenger side
compartment behind rear axle.
7-13
Fly UP